Bourbon Street is midway under water today.

A weather condition system over the Gulf of Mexico discarded 6 to 9 inches of rain on New Orleans by Wednesday night, requiring the National Weather condition Service (NWS) to state a “flash flood emergency situation” as waters increased.

The continuous thunderstorms are anticipated to get worse over the coming days, potentially becoming a hurricane and even a Classification 1 typhoon (which would be called Barry) that will likely head towards land by the weekend.

This might be just the 3rd time in the last 168 years (considering that scientists began keeping track) that a typhoon strikes Louisiana in July, meteorologist Eric Holthaus composed in the New Republic Generally, August and September are peak typhoon season in the Gulf.

The possible storm postures a considerable hazard to the city of New Orleans, considering that the Mississippi River, which snakes by the city, has actually been continually flooding the surrounding land considering that January. Presently, the water sits at a height of 16 feet

New Orleans has levees in location to keep the river from flooding its banks and overloading neighboring communities. However those levees are just 20 feet high in some locations. By Friday afternoon, the river is anticipated to crest at a near-record height of 19 or 20 feet. If that occurs, it ‘d be the greatest level the Mississippi has actually reached in New Orleans considering that a minimum of 1950, according to the NWS.

Frank Conforto Jr. drives a University Medical Center truck with the Mercedes-Benz Superdome in the background on Glavez Street in New Orleans after flooding from a storm, July 10, 2019.
Matthew Hinton/AP

Since 5 p.m. ET Wednesday, the NWS had actually released a storm rise expect the location of the Louisiana coast in between the mouth of the Pearl River and Intracoastal City. (That stretch consists of New Orleans.)

A cyclone watch is likewise in result for the location from the mouth of the Mississippi River to Cameron, Louisiana.

Louisiana Gov. John Bel Edwards stated a state of emergency situation in anticipation the approaching weather condition front, which might discard as much as 20 inches (roughly 76 centimeters) of rain in the state over the coming days, according to the National Cyclone Center

The most significant test of Mississippi River levees considering that 1927

In 2005, Cyclone Katrina– among the most dangerous storms in United States history– eliminated over 1,800 individuals when storm rise levees along canals in New Orleans stopped working.

The Mississippi River levees, which were integrated in 1927, remained undamaged throughout that storm However today may show to be their most significant test ever. Gov. Edwards cautioned that there might be “a significant quantity of overtopping” of levees in Plaquemines Parish, a rural district southeast of New Orleans.

“Today 19 feet is the main projection, and we can handle that,” David Ramirez, the chief of water management for the Army Corps of Engineers’ New Orleans District, informed Slate

However Ramirez included that his group is carefully keeping an eye on the most affordable points of the levees.

David Fox telephones from his service on Poydras Street in New Orleans after flooding in New Orleans, July 10, 2019.
Matthew Hinton/AP

“The levees safeguard the city approximately 20 feet, however 19 is close and does not consist of waves sprinkling up and so on. It’s too close for convenience for us. Which rise might be more or might be less,” he stated. “If things modification and it gets greater, at some time, there’s just a lot we can do.”

We’re most likely to see more regular and wetter typhoons

This previous year was the most popular on record for Earth’s oceans and the 4th warmest for the world.

As ocean temperature levels continue to increase, we’ll likely see more seaside flooding due to the fact that of sea-level increase (considering that water, like the majority of things, broadens when warmed) and more extreme typhoons. That’s due to the fact that typhoons’ wind speed is affected by the temperature level of the water listed below. A 1-degree Fahrenheit increase in ocean temperature level can increase a storm’s wind speed by 15 to 20 miles per hour, according to Yale Environment Links

Learn More: The oceans are the most popular they have actually been considering that we began determining– which suggests we need to get ready for more devastating flooding and storms

Presently, water temperature levels in the Gulf of Mexico are at near-record levels, Holthaus composed.

Frank Conforto Jr. strolls in the car park of the University Medical Center with the Mercedes-Benz Superdome in the background on Glavez Street in New Orleans after flooding from a storm, July 10, 2019.
Matthew Hinton/AP

What’s more, as the world keeps warming, Earth’s environment will have the ability to hold more wetness. That increases the probability of extreme rains in currently damp locations, according to Holthaus