( more about Power Words)

adjustment( in biology) A procedure by which an organism or types progresses fit to its environment. When a neighborhood of organisms does this with time, researchers describe the modification as development.

predator An animal that either specifically or mainly consumes other animals.

Cenozoic Period The most current of the 3 significant period specifying animal history. The Cenozoic periods approximately 65 million years, from the termination of the non-avian dinosaurs.

commentary( in science) A viewpoint piece, typically composed to accompany — and include viewpoint to — a paper by others, which explains brand-new research study findings.

advancement( in biology) The development of an organism from conception through their adult years, typically going through modifications in chemistry, size and often even form.

diet plan The foods and liquids consumed by an animal to offer the nutrition it requires to grow and keep health. (verb) To embrace a particular food-intake prepare for the function of managing body weight.

ecology A branch of biology that handles the relations of organisms to one another and to their physical environments. A researcher who operates in this field is called an ecologist

environment The amount of all of the important things that exist around some organism or the procedure and the condition those things produce. Environment might describe the weather condition and community in which some animal lives, or, possibly, the temperature level and humidity (or perhaps the positioning of things in the area of a product of interest).

development( v. to develop) A procedure by which types go through modifications with time, typically through hereditary variation and natural choice. These modifications typically lead to a brand-new kind of organism much better fit for its environment than the earlier type. The more recent type is not always more “sophisticated,” simply much better adjusted to the specific conditions in which it established. Or the term can describe modifications that happen as some natural development within the non-living world (such as computer system chips developing to smaller sized gadgets which run at an ever faster speed).

evolutionary An adjective that describes modifications that happen within a types with time as it adjusts to its environment. Such evolutionary modifications typically show hereditary variation and natural choice, which leave a brand-new kind of organism much better fit for its environment than its forefathers. The more recent type is not always more “sophisticated,” simply much better adjusted to the conditions in which it established.

extinct An adjective that explains a types for which there are no living members.

feline Adjective for something involving felines (wild or domestic) or their habits.

fossil Any maintained remains or traces of ancient life. There are several kinds of fossils: The bones and other body parts of dinosaurs are called “body fossils.” Things like footprints are called “trace fossils.” Even specimens of dinosaur poop are fossils. The procedure of forming fossils is called fossilization.

incus Among the bones of the middle ear. The word suggests “anvil” in Latin. It moves sound vibrations from another bone, called the malleus, to a 3rd, called the stapes.

bug A kind of arthropod that as a grownup will have 6 segmented legs and 3 body parts: a head, thorax and abdominal area. There are numerous countless bugs, that include bees, beetles, flies and moths.

Jurassic Long lasting from about 200 million to 145.5 million years earlier, it’s the middle duration of the Mesozoic Period. This was a time when dinosaurs were the dominant type of life on land.

malleus Among the bones of the middle ear. The word suggests “hammer” in Latin. It transfers the vibrations of the eardrum to another bone called the incus.

mammal A warm-blooded animal identified by the ownership of hair or fur, the secretion of milk by women for feeding their young, and (generally) the bearing of live young.

muscle A kind of tissue utilized to produce motion by contracting its cells, called muscle fibers. Muscle is abundant in protein, which is why predatory types look for victim consisting of great deals of this tissue.

specific niche A little or narrow pocket that sets something apart, or possibly provides an area of security. (In ecology) The term for the function that an organism plays in its neighborhood.

paleontologist A researcher who focuses on studying fossils, the remains of ancient organisms.

Permian A time in the remote geologic past, about 250 million to 300 million years earlier. Numerous reptiles increased to prominence on land; these were not yet dinosaurs. Numerous big invertebrates ruled the oceans throughout this duration. However a lot of would pass away off at the end of the Permian, as it paved the way to a brand-new geologic duration called the Triassic.

reptile Cold-blooded vertebrate animals, whose skin is covered with scales or randy plates. Snakes, turtles, lizards and alligators are all reptiles.

shrew A mouse-sized, insect-eating mammal. Associated with moles, it’s mainly active in the evening. Shrews have a long, pointed snout and small eyes. In spite of looking rather mouse-like, a shrew is not a rodent (which a mouse is).

types A group of comparable organisms efficient in producing offspring that can make it through and recreate.

stapes Among the bones of the middle ear. The word suggests “stirrup” in Latin. It moves sound vibrations from another bone, called the incus, to the inner ear.

innovation The application of clinical understanding for useful functions, specifically in market– or the gadgets, procedures and systems that arise from those efforts.

characteristic A particular function of something. (in genes) A quality or attribute that can be acquired.

Triassic Duration A time in the remote geologic past, about 200 million to 250 million years earlier. It’s best called the duration throughout which dinosaurs initially emerged.

range( in farming) The term that plant researchers provide to an unique type (subspecies) of plant with preferable qualities. If the plants were reproduced purposefully, they are described as cultivated ranges, or cultivars.

vertebrate The group of animals with a brain, 2 eyes, and a stiff nerve cable or foundation diminishing the back. This group consists of amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals and a lot of fish.