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How do I go about purchasing a plot of land on the moon? originally appeared on Quora: the place to gain and share knowledge, empowering people to learn from others and better understand the world

Answer by H. Paul Honsinger, Science Fiction author, on Quora:

How do I go about purchasing a plot of land on the moon?

Short answer: you can’t. No one can.

Here’s why. There are several international treaties that bear on this subject, but the most important is the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies signed on January 27,1967 This treaty is usually called the Outer Space Treaty of 1967 or the OST for short. You can read the treaty and the US State Department’s explanation of it here: Outer Space Treaty

The relevant provision of the OST is Article II which states: “Outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, is not subject to national appropriation by claim of sovereignty, by means of use or occupation, or by any other means.”

“So what?” you might say. “The OST pertains to nations. I’m not a nation, so why can’t I buy 40 acres on the Moon with a nice view of the Apollo 15 landing site?” Contrary to what you might believe, this provision absolutely prevents you from buying that gray, arid hunk of moon that you crave.

How?

Any claim to own “real property” (“immovable property” in those countries whose law descends from the Roman Civil Law, or just plain “land” to most people) MUST derive from some national claim of sovereignty. If you own land in the United States and received an “abstract of title” look at it carefully, all the way back to the last page. You will see that, at one time or another, your land was claimed as sovereign territory of the United States of America, or the United Kingdom of Great Britain, etc., or the Kingdom of Spain, or the Republic of Mexico, or the Russian Empire, or the Kingdom of Hawaii (I think that’s all of them, but I might have missed one in there somewhere). That sovereign then caused that piece of land to be “severed from the public domain” by means of a land grant, sale, Homestead Act Title, or some other means and became someone’s property. Title then passed through a series of owners down through history to YOU. Some sovereign had to own the property FIRST, so that you can trace your ownership back to that sovereign (or more than one sovereign—many abstracts refer to the treaty or treaties by which that territory passed from a foreign sovereign into the possession of the United States).

Further, it is the law of that sovereign that recognizes, protects, and legitimizes your ownership. At bottom, ownership of land is a legal right to exclusive possession, use, and control of the land and what it produces. That right has meaning ONLY if you can enforce it in the courts. Who cares if you have a piece of paper that says you own Tract 142 of Sunshine Acres Estates, as shown on the Plat of Subdivision filed in Book 183, page 211 of the Real Property Records of Madison County, State of Whatever, unless that piece of paper keeps Simon Schmuckmaker from the adjoining tract from building his barn where you had planned to dig your duck pond? Or from coming on the land armed with Ole Betsy, his trusty 12 gauge shotgun, and running you off the property before you can even get the foundation poured for your house. It is your ability to go to court, get a Temporary Restraining Order barring Mr. Schmuckmaker from interfering with your legal use and enjoyment of the land (and empowering the Madison County Sheriff’s Office to cart him off to jail if he violates that order), and obtaining legal damages from him for the tort of trespass, that makes your ownership of the land more than a mere legal formality. Just think about it from the perspective of a bank giving you a loan to buy the land and build (or buy) a house on it—no bank would ever give the loan at an interest rate anyone could afford unless there was a legal system that protected your possession of it AND that provided a means by which the bank could foreclose on the loan if you don’t make the payments.

So, in summary, the OST says that no nation can exercise sovereignty over any body in outer space, including the moon. No private person can own property and freely exercise rights of ownership under the law unless that land has been first legally claimed by some sovereign and unless that sovereign has established a legal system that recognizes and protects that ownership.

So, save your money to buy that beautiful oak tree-shaded plot in the Texas hill country, because you simply can’t own acreage on the moon.

This question originally appeared on Quora – the place to gain and share knowledge, empowering people to learn from others and better understand the world. You can follow Quora on Twitter, Facebook, and Google+. More questions:

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How do I tackle acquiring a plot of arrive on the moon? initially appeared on Quora (*************** ): the location to acquire and share understanding

, empowering individuals to gain from others and much better comprehend the world

Response by H. Paul Honsinger, Sci-fi author, on Quora(*************** ):

How do I tackle acquiring a plot of arrive on the moon?

Brief response: you can’t. Nobody can.

Here’s why. There are numerous global treaties that bear upon this topic, however the most crucial is the Treaty on Concepts Governing the Activities of States in the Expedition and Usage of Deep Space, Consisting Of the Moon and Other Heavenly Bodies(************************** )signed on January (******************************************************** ),1967 This treaty is typically called the Deep space Treaty of 1967 or the OST for brief. You can check out the treaty and the United States State Department’s description of it here: Deep Space Treaty (*************** )

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The appropriate arrangement of the OST is Post II which specifies:” Deep space, consisting of the moon and other heavenly bodies, is exempt to nationwide appropriation by claim of sovereignty, by ways of usage or

profession, or by any other ways.”(** )

” So what?” you may state. “The OST refer to countries. I’m not a country, so why can’t I purchase40 acres on the Moon with a good view of the Apollo 15 landing website?” Contrary to what you may think, this arrangement definitely avoids you from purchasing that gray, dry hunk of moon that you long for.

(********************** )How?

Any claim to own” real estate “(” stationary home “in those nations whose law comes down from the Roman Civil Law, or simply plain “land” to many people) MUST stem from some nationwide claim of sovereignty. If you own land in the United States and got an “abstract of title” take a look at it thoroughly, all the method back to the last page. You will see that, at one time or another, your land was declared as sovereign area of the United States of America, or the UK of Great Britain, and so on, or the Kingdom of Spain, or the Republic of Mexico, or the Russian Empire, or the Kingdom of Hawaii (I believe that’s all of them, however I may have missed out on one in there someplace). That sovereign then triggered that piece of land to be “severed from the general public domain” by ways of a land grant, sale, Homestead Act Title, or some other ways and ended up being somebody’s home. Title then travelled through a series of owners down through history to YOU. Some sovereign needed to own the home FIRST, so that you can trace your ownership back to that sovereign (or more than one sovereign– lots of abstracts describe the treaty or treaties by which that area passed from a foreign sovereign into the belongings of the United States).

Even More, it is the law of that sovereign that acknowledges, secures, and legitimizes your ownership. At bottom, ownership of land is a legal right to unique belongings, usage, and control of the land and what it produces. That right has suggesting JUST if you can implement it in the courts. Who cares if you have a notepad that states you own System 142 of Sunlight Acres Estates, as revealed on the Plat of Neighborhood submitted in Book 183, page 211 of the Real Estate Records of Madison County, State of Whatever, unless that paper keeps Simon Schmuckmaker from the adjacent system from constructing his barn where you had prepared to dig your duck pond? Or from beginning the land equipped with Ole Betsy, his dependable 12 gauge shotgun, and running you off the home prior to you can even get the structure put for your home. It is your capability to go to court, get a Temporary Restraining Order disallowing Mr. Schmuckmaker from disrupting your legal usage and satisfaction of the land (and empowering the Madison County Constable’s Workplace to haul him off to prison if he breaches that order), and acquiring legal damages from him for the tort of trespass, that makes your ownership of the land more than a simple legal rule. Simply consider it from the point of view of a bank offering you a loan to purchase the land and develop (or purchase) a home on it– no bank would ever provide the loan at a rate of interest anybody might pay for unless there was a legal system that safeguarded your belongings of it WHICH offered a way by which the bank might foreclose on the loan if you do not make the payments.

So, in summary, the OST states that no country can work out sovereignty over any body in deep space, consisting of the moon. No personal individual can own home and easily workout rights of ownership under the law unless that land has actually been very first lawfully declared by some sovereign and unless that sovereign has actually developed a legal system that acknowledges and secures that ownership.

So, conserve your loan to purchase that stunning oak tree-shaded plot in the Texas hill nation, due to the fact that you merely can’t own acreage on the moon.

This concern initially appeared on Quora – the location to acquire and share understanding, empowering individuals to gain from others and much better comprehend the world. You can follow Quora on Twitter, Facebook, and Google+ More concerns:

” readability =”89
365399239544″ > How do I tackle acquiring a plot of arrive on the moon? initially appeared on Quora : the location to acquire and share understanding, empowering individuals to gain from others and much better comprehend the world

Response by H. Paul Honsinger , Sci-fi author, on Quora :

How do I tackle acquiring a plot of arrive on the moon?

Brief response: you can’t. Nobody can.

Here’s why. There are numerous global treaties that bear upon this topic, however the most crucial is the Treaty on Concepts Governing the Activities of States in the Expedition and Usage of Deep Space, Consisting Of the Moon and Other Heavenly Bodies signed on January 27,1967 This treaty is typically called the Deep space Treaty of 1967 or the OST for brief. You can check out the treaty and the United States State Department’s description of it here: Deep Space Treaty

The appropriate arrangement of the OST is Post II which specifies: “Deep space, consisting of the moon and other heavenly bodies, is exempt to nationwide appropriation by claim of sovereignty, by ways of usage or profession, or by any other ways.”

“So what?” you may state. “The OST refer to countries. I’m not a country, so why can’t I purchase 40 acres on the Moon with a good view of the Apollo 15 landing website?” Contrary to what you may think, this arrangement definitely avoids you from purchasing that gray, dry hunk of moon that you long for.

How?

Any claim to own “real estate” (” stationary home” in those nations whose law comes down from the Roman Civil Law, or simply plain “land” to many people) MUST stem from some nationwide claim of sovereignty. If you own land in the United States and got an “abstract of title” take a look at it thoroughly, all the method back to the last page. You will see that, at one time or another, your land was declared as sovereign area of the United States of America, or the UK of Great Britain, and so on, or the Kingdom of Spain, or the Republic of Mexico, or the Russian Empire, or the Kingdom of Hawaii (I believe that’s all of them, however I may have missed out on one in there someplace). That sovereign then triggered that piece of land to be “severed from the general public domain” by ways of a land grant, sale, Homestead Act Title, or some other ways and ended up being somebody’s home. Title then travelled through a series of owners down through history to YOU. Some sovereign needed to own the home FIRST, so that you can trace your ownership back to that sovereign (or more than one sovereign– lots of abstracts describe the treaty or treaties by which that area passed from a foreign sovereign into the belongings of the United States).

Even More, it is the law of that sovereign that acknowledges, secures, and legitimizes your ownership. At bottom, ownership of land is a legal right to unique belongings, usage, and control of the land and what it produces. That right has suggesting JUST if you can implement it in the courts. Who cares if you have a notepad that states you own System 142 of Sunlight Acres Estates, as revealed on the Plat of Neighborhood submitted in Book 183, page 211 of the Real Estate Records of Madison County, State of Whatever, unless that paper keeps Simon Schmuckmaker from the adjacent system from constructing his barn where you had prepared to dig your duck pond? Or from beginning the land equipped with Ole Betsy, his dependable 12 gauge shotgun, and running you off the home prior to you can even get the structure put for your home. It is your capability to go to court, get a Temporary Restraining Order disallowing Mr. Schmuckmaker from disrupting your legal usage and satisfaction of the land (and empowering the Madison County Constable’s Workplace to haul him off to prison if he breaches that order), and acquiring legal damages from him for the tort of trespass, that makes your ownership of the land more than a simple legal rule. Simply consider it from the point of view of a bank offering you a loan to purchase the land and develop (or purchase) a home on it– no bank would ever provide the loan at a rate of interest anybody might pay for unless there was a legal system that safeguarded your belongings of it WHICH offered a way by which the bank might foreclose on the loan if you do not make the payments.

So, in summary, the OST states that no country can work out sovereignty over any body in deep space, consisting of the moon. No personal individual can own home and easily workout rights of ownership under the law unless that land has actually been very first lawfully declared by some sovereign and unless that sovereign has actually developed a legal system that acknowledges and secures that ownership.

So, conserve your loan to purchase that stunning oak tree-shaded plot in the Texas hill nation, due to the fact that you merely can’t own acreage on the moon.

This concern initially appeared on Quora – the location to acquire and share understanding, empowering individuals to gain from others and much better comprehend the world. You can follow Quora on Twitter , Facebook , and Google + More concerns: