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Sunday, December 8, 2019
A toe bone tips that Neandertals utilized eagle talons as fashion jewelry

A toe bone tips that Neandertals utilized eagle talons as fashion...

An ancient eagle’s toe bone featuring stone tool incisions adds to evidence that Neandertals made pendants or other ornaments out of birds’ talons, researchers conclude in the Nov. 1 Science Advances. Excavations in Foradada Cave, near northeastern Spain’s Mediterranean coast, have produced a roughly 39,000-year-old imperial eagle toe fossil. Stone tool marks on the bone…
Neanderthal glue was a larger offer than we believed

Neanderthal glue was a larger offer than we believed

This replica shows how Neanderthals might have used birch tar to haft a projectile point. Paul R. B. Kozowyk Fifty-thousand years ago, a Neanderthal living in Northwestern Europe put sticky birch tar on the back side of a sharp flint flake to make the tool easier to grip. Eventually, that tool washed down the Rhine…
Archaeologists uncover a Bronze Age warrior’s individual toolkit

Archaeologists uncover a Bronze Age warrior’s individual toolkit

The contents of the Bronze Age toolkit with the mud cleaned off. V. Minkus Three-thousand years ago, at least 140 fighters died in a battle along the banks of Germany’s Tollense River. One of the fallen dropped a small kit containing tools and a handful of bronze scraps. Based on the types of artifacts archaeologists…
Ancient European homes integrated the abundant and bad

Ancient European homes integrated the abundant and bad

Families working the land in ancient Europe also cultivated social inequality. A social pecking order consisting of “haves” and “have-nots” living in the same household appeared among Bronze Age farmers by around 4,000 years ago, a study suggests. Ancient DNA, objects placed in graves and chemical analyses of teeth indicate that each farming household in…
Archaeologists uncover the remains of a middle ages abuse victim

Archaeologists uncover the remains of a middle ages abuse victim

Enlarge / The skeleton was found buried with two buckles which likely once held a shroud in place. Mazzarelli et al. 2019 In a medieval Italian cemetery, archaeologists recently exhumed the skeletal remains of a victim of a medieval torture device known as the breaking wheel. University of Milan archaeologist Debora Mazzarelli and her colleagues found…
Infant bottles might return millennia in Europe

Infant bottles might return millennia in Europe

Three spouted vessels from graves in ancient European cemeteries may have come from the mouths of babes. Chemical signs of nonhuman animal milk in the artifacts suggest that the small clay containers, previously found in three children’s graves in southeastern Germany, represent early versions of baby bottles, researchers report. Spouts on these types of pots…
Ancient slag provides insight into the irregular speed of technological advances

Ancient slag provides insight into the irregular speed of technological advances

Enlarge / Copper production waste at Khirbat en-Nahas, Jordan, was piled 6m (18 ft) deep. T. Levy 2019 Sometimes, clues about ancient technology are hidden in the most mundane things. In this case, Tel-Aviv University archaeologist Erez Ben-Yosef and his colleagues went rummaging through heaps of slag, the glassy waste discarded after smelters separate copper…
The trick to amazing conservation of a Dead Sea Scroll might be salt finish

The trick to amazing conservation of a Dead Sea Scroll might...

Enlarge / Partial view of the Dead Sea Temple Scroll, one of the longest biblical texts found since the 1940s. A team of MIT scientists studied a fragment of one of the famous Dead Sea Scrolls and found the parchment has an unusual coating of sulfate salts. This may be one reason the scrolls were…
Fresh pictures of HMS Fear shipwreck might clean up sticking around secrets

Fresh pictures of HMS Fear shipwreck might clean up sticking around...

New images from the shipwreck of the HMS Terror could shed new light on what happened to the 1845 Arctic expedition. Parks Canada has released new images from the first underwater exploration of the shipwreck of the HMS Terror. The ongoing study of the shipwreck and its artifacts should shed more light on Captain Sir John…
Early hominin skull completes “a significant space” in the fossil record

Early hominin skull completes “a significant space” in the fossil record

Enlarge / Yohannes Haile-Salassie poses in the field with the newly discovered skull. Photograph courtesy of the Cleveland Museum of Natural History A 3.8 million-year-old fossil skull is giving anthropologists their first look at an early Australopithecine, the hominin genus that eventually led to modern humans. The skull belongs to a member of a species…

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