In Paris, kids (and their moms and dads) are sprinkling in the Eiffel Tower’s Trocadero water fountain In Germany, guys are riding mopeds naked and spotting through the frozen aisle at the supermarket.

It’s all in response to the record-breaking heat wave baking Europe today. Germany, France, Poland, and the Czech Republic have all experienced the greatest temperature levels ever taped in the month of June.

Temperature levels struck 100.8 degrees Fahrenheit (382 degrees Celsius) in Radzyń, Poland, on Wednesday and 101.5 (386) in Berlin, according to AccuWeather The typical heat throughout France was 94.8 degrees Fahrenheit (349 degrees Celsius), though that temperature level might leap to 110 (433) by tomorrow.

A minimum of 3 individuals have actually passed away as an outcome of the heat wave in France up until now, according to the French paper Midi Libre Authorities reported that these individuals passed away of shock after delving into cold water to leave the heat.

According to meteorologists, the reason for these record-breaking temperature levels is an extraordinary high-pressure weather condition system in Europe’s environment.

“‘ El infierno,’ or hell, is coming,” the Spanish meteorologist Silvia Laplana tweeted on Sunday

Learn More: ‘Hell is coming’: Western Europe braces for its most popular weather condition given that a 2003 heat wave eliminated 15,000 individuals in France

Here’s why this high-pressure weather condition system is triggering such extreme temperature levels.

A large zone of high-pressure air

An upper ridge, in weather condition terms, is a large zone of high-pressure air that sits atop a geographical area, trapping warm air in location.

Mika Rantanen, a meteorologist in Finland, tweeted on Wednesday that “Europe is under a traditionally strong upper ridge.”

To comprehend this upper ridge, envision a continent-sized umbrella of high-pressure air. Today, that umbrella has Europe under its brim, and it isn’t moving. So warm winds blowing northward from the Mediterranean and North African Sahara are getting required earthward by the high-pressure air and kept in location.

Usually, this warm air would increase into the upper environment to cool down prior to flowing back to the surface area. However the air in a high-pressure system is thick, so it presses less thick air down, avoiding the normal blending. Without that biking, the air on the ground simply gets hotter, leading temperature levels to escalate. That’s a heat wave

“There’s never ever been a high pressure system over Europe that matches the present one, in all the years we have actually been keeping track,” the meteorologist Eric Holthaus tweeted “The environment is various now.”

Connecting heat waves to environment modification

Tourists and Parisians in the water of the Trocadero water fountain at the foot of the Eiffel Tower on June 24.
Samuel Boivin/NurPhoto through Getty Images

Scientists have not yet validated a link in between this specific heat wave and worldwide warming, though a 2016 report from the National Academy of Sciences connected severe heat in basic to environment modification. This is since greenhouse gases that go into the environment trap more heat in the world, triggering Earth’s surface area temperature levels to increase.

One research study discovered that environment modification made the European heat wave of 2003 two times as most likely, while a 2018 analysis reported that environment modification has actually made heat waves comparable to in 2015’s European heat wave 5 times most likely According to France’s nationwide weather condition firm, the variety of heat waves in the nation has actually doubled in the past 34 years and is anticipated to double once again by2050


A German Federal Cops helicopter battles a forest fire near Dahme-Spreewald, Germany, on June 24.
Bundespolizei/dpa through AP

“Regular monthly heat records all over the world happen 5 times as typically today as they would in a steady environment,” Stefan Rahmstorf of the Potsdam Institute for Environment Effect Research Study informed The Associated Press “This boost in heat extremes is simply as anticipated by environment science as a repercussion of worldwide warming triggered by the increasing greenhouse gases from burning coal, oil and gas.”

This pattern is specifically uneasy since extreme heat can trigger individuals to suffer heat fatigue or heat stroke– when body temperature levels increase to 106 degrees Fahrenheit (411 degrees Celsius) or greater within 10 to 15 minutes– which can harm the brain or other important organs Babies and kids as much as 4 years of ages and senior individuals 65 and older are especially at danger

According to one research study, severe heat occasions are accountable for more deaths worldwide every year than cyclones, lightning, twisters, floods, and earthquakes integrated.

This isn’t the very first time Europe has actually experienced a serious heat wave

Europe is no complete stranger to heat waves. In July, the continent experienced a comparable heat wave, with temperature levels above 90 degrees Fahrenheit(322 degrees Celsius) as far north as the Polar circle.

Sixteen years earlier, in 2003, 15,000 individuals in France passed away in a serious summertime heat wave, and more than 70,000 individuals overall died throughout Europe

A Spanish traveler group utilizes umbrellas to obstruct the sun as they go to the Notre-Dame on August 6, 2018.
Michel Euler/AP

France’s record heat of 111.4 degrees Fahrenheit (441 degrees Celsius) was set on August 12,2003 Tomorrow’s projection of 110 degrees Fahrenheit (433 degrees Celsius) stops simply shy of that blistering record, and authorities in Paris have actually put the city on high alert Schools throughout the nation have actually been closed down, and trainees’ tests have actually been delayed