CBS-TV’s “Lost in Space” (1965-68). From left: Angela Cartwright, Dennis Patrick, Jonathan Harris. (“Lost in Space” images courtesy of Synthesis Entertainment)

Maybe they’re not alien doppelgangersmirror images of us.

But extraterrestrial life—should it exist—might look “eerily similar to the life we see on Earth,” says Charles Cockell, professor of astrobiology at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland.

Indeed, Cockell’s new book (The Equations of Life: How Physics Shapes Evolution, Basic Books, 352 pages) suggests a “universal biology.” Alien adaptations, significantly resembling terrestrial life—from humanoids to hummingbirds—may have emerged on billions of worlds.

“Life on Earth might be a template for life in the universe,” he says.

Here’s the backdrop for Cockell’s tantalizing theory, abbreviated:

Physical laws are the same everyplace. (Gravity, for instance, is omnipresent, not exclusive to our solar system.)

Restrictions are everyplace. (Organic molecules, on Earth or elsewhere, still disintegrate at high temperatures, deactivate at low ones.)

Certain ingredients, most everyplace, are indispensable for life. (Carbon is the optimal element to assemble burgeoning life; water is the ideal solvent to shuttle it.)

Athena (Vitina Marcus), the “green lady” alien. (“Lost in Space” images courtesy of Synthesis Entertainment)

Now, Cockell’s provocative leap: Those limits deny “huge variation” in the look of living things throughout the universe.

“The laws of physics channel living creatures into restricted shapes,” he says. “They narrow the scope of evolution. Alien life may have many similarities to life here.”

A terrestrial analogy: “Go into the ocean,” he says. There, “creatures with slim, streamlined bodies” predominate, and for obvious reasons—”to move fast through the water.”

That has been true for hundreds of millions of years, of course; dolphins, sharks, the ichthyosaurus—mammal, fish, and extinct dinosaur—all have a reasonably comparable appearance.

“Things end up looking the same, even though they are completely different lineages,” says Cockell.

On land, most animals have appendages, limbs for moving about; in the sky, whether pterodactyls or pigeons, “laws that govern aerodynamics are observed.” Even butterflies, albeit exquisitely detailed —”endless colors, hues, and patterns”—follow the dictum.

“Too small a wing, and a butterfly can’t lift off,” Cockell says. Details, he concedes, can be “endless”—but “physics restricts the form.”

Blue skin notwithstanding, the alien Arcon (John Carradine) looks like an Earthling. (“Lost in Space” images courtesy of Synthesis Entertainment)

Zalto (Al Lewis), an alien space wizard, looking rather human. (“Lost in Space” images courtesy of Synthesis Entertainment)

Exceptions occur, certainly. Snakes, limbless, slither. Tumbleweeds roll. “Nature experiments,” admits Cockell. But most life “is confined by rules that may be shockingly narrow.”

Including intelligent, technologically-savvy humanoids—if they’re out there.

Appendages are likely. “You can’t build civilizations without the ability to use tools,” Cockell says. But maybe they’re missing arms and legs; tentacles could grasp objects just as well. Then there’s the head—might they have eyes, ears, and a mouth? Probably.

“But there’s no reason why everything has to be in the same place,” he says. “A mouth doesn’t have to be below the eyes.”

Not duplicates, but distant kin. Classic sci-fi TV—sans CGI, just human actors and some slick makeup—was onto something.

Dr. Zachary Smith (Jonathan Harris) with the “Lost in Space” alien of the week. (“Lost in Space” images courtesy of Synthesis Entertainment)

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Possibly they’re not alien doppelgangers–(************* )mirror images people.

However extraterrestrial life– must it exist– may look” strangely comparable to the life we see in the world,” states Charles Cockell, teacher of astrobiology at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland.

Undoubtedly, Cockell’s brand-new book((****************** )The Formulas of Life: How Physics Forms Advancement(******************* ), Standard Books,(*************************************************************** )pages) recommends a” universal biology.” Alien adjustments, considerably looking like terrestrial

life– from humanoids to hummingbirds– might have emerged on billions of worlds.

” Life in the world may be a design template for life in

deep space,” he states.

Here’s the background for Cockell’s alluring theory, abbreviated:(**************

)

Physical laws are the very same everyplace.( Gravity, for example, is universal, not unique to our planetary system.)

Constraints are everyplace. (Organic particles, in the world or in other places, still break down at heats, shut down at low ones.)

Particular components, the majority of everyplace, are vital for life. (Carbon is the optimum component to put together growing life; water is the perfect solvent to shuttle bus it.)

Athena( Vitina Marcus ), the” green woman “alien.(” Lost in Area” images thanks to Synthesis Home entertainment)

(***** )(**************** )Now, Cockell’s intriguing leap: Those limitations reject” big variation “in the appearance of living things throughout deep space.

” The laws of physics channel living animals into limited shapes,” he states. “They narrow the scope of advancement. Alien life might have numerous resemblances to life here.”

A terrestrial example: “Enter into the ocean,” he states. There, “animals with slim, structured bodies” predominate, and for apparent factors–” to move quick through the water.”

That has actually held true for numerous countless years, obviously; dolphins, sharks, the ichthyosaurus– mammal, fish, and extinct dinosaur– all have a fairly equivalent look.

” Things wind up looking the very same, although they are entirely various family trees,” states Cockell.

On land, the majority of animals have appendages, limbs for moving about; in the sky, whether pterodactyls or pigeons, “laws that govern aerodynamics are observed.” Even butterflies, albeit exceptionally detailed–” unlimited colors, shades, and patterns”– follow the dictum.

” Too little a wing, and a butterfly can’t take off,” Cockell states. Information, he yields, can be “unlimited”– however “physics limits the kind.”

(********* )Blue skin regardless of, the alien Arcon (John Carradine) appears like an Earthling. (” Lost in Area” images thanks to Synthesis Home entertainment)

Zalto (Al Lewis), an alien area wizard, looking rather human. (” Lost in Area” images thanks to Synthesis Home entertainment)

Exceptions take place, definitely. Snakes, limbless, slither. Tumbleweeds roll. “Nature experiments,” confesses Cockell. However the majority of life “is restricted by guidelines that might be shockingly narrow.”

Consisting of smart, technologically-savvy humanoids— if they’re out there.

Appendages are most likely. “You can’t construct civilizations without the capability to utilize tools,” Cockell states. However perhaps they’re missing out on limbs; arms might understand items simply as well. Then there’s the head— might they have eyes, ears, and a mouth? Most likely.

” However there’s no reason that whatever needs to remain in the very same location,” he states. “A mouth does not need to be listed below the eyes.”

Not replicates, however far-off kin. Timeless sci-fi TELEVISION– sans CGI, simply human stars and some slick makeup– was onto something.

Dr. Zachary Smith (Jonathan Harris) with the “Lost in Area” alien of the week. (” Lost in Area” images thanks to Synthesis Home entertainment)

” readability =”110
725019773″ >

Possibly they’re not alien doppelgangers mirror images people.

However extraterrestrial life– must it exist– may look “strangely comparable to the life we see in the world,” states Charles Cockell, teacher of astrobiology at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland.

Undoubtedly, Cockell’s brand-new book ( The Formulas of Life: How Physics Forms Advancement , Standard Books, 352 pages ) recommends a “universal biology.” Alien adjustments, considerably looking like terrestrial life– from humanoids to hummingbirds– might have emerged on billions of worlds.

“Life in the world may be a design template for life in deep space,” he states.

Here’s the background for Cockell’s alluring theory, abbreviated:

Physical laws are the very same everyplace. (Gravity, for example, is universal, not unique to our planetary system.)

Constraints are everyplace. (Organic particles, in the world or in other places, still break down at heats, shut down at low ones.)

Particular components, the majority of everyplace, are vital for life. (Carbon is the optimum component to put together growing life; water is the perfect solvent to shuttle bus it.)

.

.

Athena (Vitina Marcus), the “green woman” alien. ( “Lost in Area” images thanks to Synthesis Home entertainment)

.

.

Now, Cockell’s intriguing leap: Those limitations reject “big variation” in the appearance of living things throughout deep space.

“The laws of physics channel living animals into limited shapes,” he states. “They narrow the scope of advancement. Alien life might have numerous resemblances to life here.”

A terrestrial example: “Enter into the ocean,” he states. There, “animals with slim, structured bodies” predominate, and for apparent factors– “to move quick through the water.”

That has actually held true for numerous countless years, obviously; dolphins, sharks, the ichthyosaurus– mammal, fish, and extinct dinosaur– all have a fairly equivalent look.

“Things wind up looking the very same, although they are entirely various family trees,” states Cockell.

On land, the majority of animals have appendages, limbs for moving about; in the sky, whether pterodactyls or pigeons, “laws that govern aerodynamics are observed.” Even butterflies, albeit exceptionally detailed– “unlimited colors, shades, and patterns”– follow the dictum.

“Too little a wing, and a butterfly can’t take off,” Cockell states. Information, he yields, can be “unlimited”– however “physics limits the kind.”

.

.

Blue skin regardless of, the alien Arcon (John Carradine) appears like an Earthling. ( “Lost in Area” images thanks to Synthesis Home entertainment)

.

.

.

.

Zalto (Al Lewis), an alien area wizard, looking rather human. ( “Lost in Area” images thanks to Synthesis Home entertainment)

.

.

Exceptions take place, definitely. Snakes, limbless, slither. Tumbleweeds roll. “Nature experiments,” confesses Cockell. However the majority of life “is restricted by guidelines that might be shockingly narrow.”

Consisting of smart, technologically-savvy humanoids — if they’re out there.

Appendages are most likely. “You can’t construct civilizations without the capability to utilize tools,” Cockell states. However perhaps they’re missing out on limbs; arms might understand items simply as well. Then there’s the head — might they have eyes, ears, and a mouth? Most likely.

“However there’s no reason that whatever needs to remain in the very same location,” he states. “A mouth does not need to be listed below the eyes.”

Not replicates, however far-off kin. Timeless sci-fi TELEVISION– sans CGI, simply human stars and some slick makeup– was onto something.

.

.

Dr. Zachary Smith (Jonathan Harris) with the “Lost in Area” alien of the week. (” Lost in Area” images thanks to Synthesis Home entertainment)

.

.

.