How do military pilots aim guided weapons through clouds? originally appeared on Quora: the place to gain and share knowledge, empowering people to learn from others and better understand the world.

Answer by Tim Morgan, commercial pilot, on Quora:

How do military pilots aim guided weapons through clouds? 

It depends on how the weapon is guided.

Laser-guided:  It’s generally not possible for the pilot to aim the weapon. Clouds scatter the laser energy and make visual acquisition of the target impossible. It is possible, for the pilot to drop the laser-guided weapon, and have someone on the ground below the clouds provide the laser energy, that the weapon tracks once it breaks through the clouds.

Beam-riding:  Beam-riding weapons cannot be used through clouds, as the clouds scatter the laser energy.

Electro-optical:  Also cannot be used through clouds. These weapons use an onboard camera to image the target, which must be able to see the target.

Inertially-aided:  These weapons simply use an onboard GPS and INS to fly to a pre-programmed coordinate. Clouds are no matter for them. A pilot can program a bomb-on-coordinate (BOC) attack, using coordinates passed from ground observers or intelligence personnel, and precisely hit a target from miles away with no visual contact.

Radar-guided:  Active radar-guided weapons, such as radar-guided missiles, and passive radar-guided weapons like anti-radiation missiles use direct or reflected radar energy as a guidance source. Clouds do scatter some radar energy, but the amount of radar energy scattered by a cloud depends on its moisture content. A cloud with a large amount of water in it may effectively “block” a target from being seen by a missile’s radar receiver.

Note that there are many weapons with hybrid guidance systems that can increase their effectiveness in dealing with cloud layers. Examples include the GBU-54 Laser JDAM, which can be either inertially-aided or laser-guided; the Israeli SPICE bomb which uses both inertial guidance and electro-optical imaging; and others.

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< div _ ngcontent-c14 ="" innerhtml =" How do military pilots intend assisted weapons through clouds? initially appeared on Quora: the location to get and share understanding, empowering individuals to gain from others and much better comprehend the world

Response by Tim Morgan, industrial pilot, on Quora:

How do military pilots intend assisted weapons through clouds?

It depends upon how the weapon is assisted.

Laser-guided: It’s normally not possible for the pilot to intend the weapon. Clouds spread the laser energy and make visual acquisition of the target difficult. It is possible, for the pilot to drop the laser-guided weapon, and have somebody on the ground listed below the clouds supply the laser energy, that the weapon tracks once it breaks through the clouds.

Beam-riding:(****************** )(**************** ) Beam-riding weapons can not be utilized through clouds, as the clouds spread

the laser energy.

Electro-optical:(****************** )Likewise can not be utilized through clouds. These weapons utilize an onboard electronic camera to image the target, which need to have the ability to see the target.

Inertially-aided: These weapons just utilize an onboard GPS and INS to fly to a pre-programmed coordinate. Clouds are no matter for them. A pilot can set a bomb-on-coordinate (BOC) attack, utilizing collaborates passed from ground observers or intelligence workers, and exactly struck a target from miles away without any visual contact.

Radar-guided:(**************** ) Active radar-guided weapons, such as radar-guided rockets, and passive radar-guided weapons like anti-radiation rockets utilize direct or shown radar energy as an assistance source. Clouds do spread some radar energy, however the quantity of radar energy spread by a cloud depends upon its wetness material. A cloud with a big quantity of water in it might efficiently “obstruct” a target from being seen by a rocket’s radar receiver.

Keep In Mind that there are numerous weapons with hybrid assistance systems that can increase their efficiency in handling cloud layers. Examples consist of the GBU-54 Laser JDAM, which can be either inertially-aided or laser-guided; the Israeli SPICE bomb which utilizes both inertial assistance and electro-optical imaging; and others.

This concern initially appeared on Quora – the location to get and share understanding, empowering individuals to gain from others and much better comprehend the world. You can follow Quora on Twitter, Facebook, and Google+ More concerns:

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0365103766″ >

How do military pilots intend assisted weapons through clouds? initially appeared on Quora : the location to get and share understanding, empowering individuals to gain from others and much better comprehend the world

.

Response by Tim Morgan , industrial pilot, on Quora :

How do military pilots intend assisted weapons through clouds?

It depends upon how the weapon is assisted.

Laser-guided: It’s normally not possible for the pilot to intend the weapon. Clouds spread the laser energy and make visual acquisition of the target difficult. It is possible, for the pilot to drop the laser-guided weapon, and have somebody on the ground listed below the clouds supply the laser energy, that the weapon tracks once it breaks through the clouds.

Beam-riding: Beam-riding weapons can not be utilized through clouds, as the clouds spread the laser energy.

Electro-optical: Likewise can not be utilized through clouds. These weapons utilize an onboard electronic camera to image the target, which need to have the ability to see the target.

Inertially-aided: These weapons just utilize an onboard GPS and INS to fly to a pre-programmed coordinate. Clouds are no matter for them. A pilot can set a bomb-on-coordinate (BOC) attack, utilizing collaborates passed from ground observers or intelligence workers, and exactly struck a target from miles away without any visual contact.

Radar-guided: Active radar-guided weapons, such as radar-guided rockets, and passive radar-guided weapons like anti-radiation rockets utilize direct or shown radar energy as an assistance source. Clouds do spread some radar energy, however the quantity of radar energy spread by a cloud depends upon its wetness material. A cloud with a big quantity of water in it might efficiently “obstruct” a target from being seen by a rocket’s radar receiver.

Keep In Mind that there are numerous weapons with hybrid assistance systems that can increase their efficiency in handling cloud layers. Examples consist of the GBU – 54 Laser JDAM, which can be either inertially-aided or laser-guided; the Israeli SPICE bomb which utilizes both inertial assistance and electro-optical imaging; and others.

This concern initially appeared on Quora – the location to get and share understanding, empowering individuals to gain from others and much better comprehend the world. You can follow Quora on Twitter , Facebook , and Google + More concerns:

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