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How typically do jaguars and pumas meet within the wild? initially appeared on Quora: the place to realize and share information, empowering individuals to study from others and higher perceive the world.

Reply by Stefan Pociask, Veteran. Wildlife researcher, on Quora:

Jaguars and pumas… these two cats simply occur to be my passions, and I’ve had expertise with each. Comparable in some methods, and really totally different in others. Sure, they definitely have overlapping total territories, so this can be a cheap query to be interested by.

First, let’s handle the info that could possibly be used to reply this query. The vary of the puma is huge. It covers land from your entire western third of america, and up into Canada, and extends down throughout the Isthmus of Panama and plunges down by way of almost the whole thing of the South American continent. The truth is, the puma/cougar/mountain lion/panther (all the very same animal, btw) has the singular distinction of getting the biggest geographic vary of any native terrestrial mammal within the Western Hemisphere! It spans 28 nations, from southern Alaska right down to the southern tip of Chile! So, for these of you who could have thought the Mountain Lion was primarily a California or Rocky Mountains cat… as you may see, that’s hardly the case in any respect! The research out there, associated to Puma concolor, are as huge because the territory it inhabits. It’s an exquisite massive predator to review, in lots of several types of habitats. But, regardless of the enormity of research carried out over time, researchers of this cat proceed to study increasingly, and even have made some very latest, main discoveries; the unknown social lifetime of pumas, being a kind of surprises. It was lengthy believed that when pumas depart their moms, they spend the rest of their lives as loners; just like leopards in that regard. Because it seems, pumas have occasional household reunions, with dispersed grown litters often “coming house to mama” to spend a while along with her, with their siblings, and even newer litters which have nonetheless not gone off on their very own. It’s for these kinds of discoveries that researchers drive on, passionately, of their research. One can by no means study an excessive amount of, and positively by no means study all the pieces. So… there’s a number of Puma concolor information on the market.

Now we’ll contact on jaguar information. Of the 4 conventional Massive Cats, the jaguar has by far the least quantity of research carried out on it. In contrast to its extra well-known cousins over in Africa and Asia, who’ve been noticed in actual time for a lot of a long time now, the jaguar doesn’t share within the reputation and variety of wildlife organizations dedicated to them, to the identical extent. A part of that’s merely practicality of analysis within the areas the place all these cats dwell. South America makes for a extra rugged kind of analysis that’s wanted. The geography and flora is kind of totally different than the tall grass and reserves, the place the tigers dwell, and the huge savannas of the lions, leopards and even cheetahs.

Additionally, and possibly much more importantly, is the traits of what makes a jaguar a jaguar. They’re surviving by being essentially the most personal of all of the Massive Cats, apart from possibly the auxiliary members of the Massive Cat Membership… the Clouded Leopard and the Snow Leopard. I’ve gone into some element of the very particular persona of the jaguar right here, which you will discover to be equally attention-grabbing studying: Stefan Pociask’s reply to Why aren’t jaguars utilized in animal reveals as typically as lions and tigers? Is the general public much less interested by jaguars or are they much less trainable?

As I point out within the article above… regardless that each tigers and leopards are solitary hunters, they typically dwell in shut proximity to people. Jaguars are essentially the most troublesome to find as a result of they dwell in essentially the most desolate, unattainable areas. So not solely are they laborious to search out, additionally they go to the best pains to bodily separate themselves from all indicators of civilization. This means a stronger “dislike” of issues that point out civilization, making analysis about jaguars a lot slower. So very a lot about them but stays shrouded in thriller.

All of this results in a lopsidedness of obtainable information, relating to these two cats. So the place do we start, with a purpose to reply this query? Properly, very clearly, we should always start with the multi-year examine that was devoted virtually exactly to the crux of this query! This examine was already cited in one other’s reply to this query, however given a selected connection that I’ve to this examine… I would be capable to add extra perspective to it. The examine will be discovered right here: Jaguar interactions with pumas and prey on the northern fringe of jaguars’ vary.

It is a fabulous educational work put collectively by Carmina E. Gutiérrez-González and Carlos A. López-González. I do know Carlos; I’ve met him (though undoubtedly he wouldn’t know me). Their examine does in truth cowl the relationships between jaguars and pumas. I’m proud to say that I used to be concerned with among the organizations from which these two researchers compiled their information, and am aware of a few of these concerned within the undertaking. I’m very joyful to see that I, in some small method, added to the info base of data which was thought of and cited on this glorious analysis undertaking.

It makes an enchanting learn in case you’re within the particulars. So… there have been clearly conclusions drawn on the finish of the examine, that are associated to our query. Nevertheless, I’ll level out that the realm and the circumstances that had been used within the examine are very particular. They focused on an space in northern Sonora, Mexico. It is a comparatively arid space, and is an instance of solely one in all many several types of ecosystems that these two cats share. I received’t paraphrase their findings, as I don’t wish to misconstrue something. However I’ll make some feedback of my interpretation. In arid areas resembling northern Mexico, the jaguars are typically smaller than their South American brethren. This places them into a variety that may be very shut in dimension to the puma that additionally make their properties there. This makes for a relationship that’s particular to Northern Mexico, and the specifics of this relationship can’t essentially be utilized to all puma/jaguar relationships throughout the Americas. In a state of affairs the place the jaguar and puma are of comparable dimension, they’ve discovered a solution to co-exist. Though their total territory is identical space, they’ve every carved out areas inside that territory that the opposite typically respects. Two massive, comparable sized predators are conscious that neither has something to realize, and far to lose, by tangling with the opposite. There is no such thing as a level in making an attempt to be dominant over the opposite by way of bodily confrontations, as it’s doubtless that each will stroll away with substantial accidents. Who wants that, proper? So, I assume their relationship is one in all mutual respect. If they arrive upon one another in these areas, they have an inclination to basically give a tip of the hat to one another… maybe one could say “What’s up?”… the opposite responding with “Hey, what’s up?”… a mutual nod, they usually go on about their enterprise, again towards their neck of the woods. However there are some attention-grabbing angles to all of this coexistence stuff.

First… relating to their prey. Jaguars are likely to hunt bigger species than the pumas, even when they’re of comparable construct. The principle prey of pumas is deer and calves. However when you remove these two hottest meals of each… the rest of their diets differ. The jaguars may also embody of their diets, animals bigger than deer and calves, resembling absolutely grown cattle; whereas puma will spherical out their menu with animals smaller than deer and calves, resembling peccary and an abundance of small sport, even right down to floor squirrels and tune birds. At first, chances are you’ll say… properly, that is smart… the jaguar is a Massive Cat and the puma isn’t. However, this nonetheless holds true even in areas the place the 2 cats are equally sized; in areas the place the jaguar respects the puma and would somewhat not combat. So… if jaguars don’t wish to mess with these pumas, it could make sense that equally matched predators would hunt equally sized prey. But, that’s not the case. I’ll provide you with my slant on this. There are a number of components. Proof means that neither of those cats would have a bonus in a bodily confrontation. This, even supposing the jaw power of a jaguar is famous, and surpasses that of the puma, by multiples. The jaguar is constructed in a different way, being shoulder heavy, as in comparison with the puma. The puma is extra equally balanced, entrance to rear. This makes the puma extra versatile, additional leaping, with faster reflexes and extra litheness. The stronger jaws aren’t essentially a bonus in a combat. These jaws are made for searching, not preventing. A jaguar really has no issues with taking down an enormous cow or bull. He does this, as I’ve typically identified, by clamping down on the cranium of its prey, and impaling his canines immediately into the mind. Jaguars are the one cats, huge or small, that do that frequently. It’s, in truth, their signature transfer. It doesn’t matter how huge the prey is… with the big angle {that a} jaguar’s jaws can open to… and the absurdly excessive kilos per sq. inch of its chunk… no prey is simply too huge. There may be actually nothing in any jaguar’s vary that it could possibly’t kill utilizing this technique. Then these enormous shoulder muscle mass drag it away.

This implies little to a puma. No biggie. In a combat, a puma will outmaneuver these jaws in a coronary heart beat. Certain, if jag can get puma’s head in its grip… it’s curtains. However puma has equal claws, can have equal weight, and the quickness to provide its personal model of an ass-whoopin’ on a jaguar. All this to say that, regardless that jaguars have been recognized to eat over 100 totally different species, their comparatively low litheness, in comparison with a puma, typically makes small prey an excessive amount of of an vitality expenditure to hassle with. Jag would somewhat go take down that 1200 pound bull grazing too near the wooden line… as a result of he can. In the meantime, puma will probably be joyful to complement its food regimen with a dozen squirrels and a chook or two… as a result of he can. In order that explains why the extremes of their prey go in several instructions, regardless of being equally matched. However nonetheless… each would select a calf or a deer if out there.

Right here’s one other attention-grabbing state of affairs, having to do with the variety of every of those cat species in any specific space. On this state of affairs, the puma undoubtedly has the sting. In areas which have each pumas and jaguars, the puma is in much less hazard. There are areas the place solely pumas dwell. There are areas the place solely jaguar dwell. And there are areas the place each dwell. In these areas the place they each dwell, the pumas often outnumber the jaguars. Why? Due to man, and the fame that jaguars have with ranchers. Right here’s what occurs…

A puma makes his territory adjoining to a cattle ranch… sees a scrumptious tender calf… goes and kills it, eats a bunch of it, then drags the remainder into the bushes. It lasts a pair weeks, then the puma kills one other calf. Hides it. Eats it. The following month, one other calf. In the meantime, the rancher finds stays of three of his prized calves… will get with the man within the subsequent valley with searching canine… they trip out, discover a jaguar… and kill it.

Puma is in the meantime, snickering and winking within the bushes.

Although jaguars are protected, ranchers are wrecking havoc on their populations due to cattle. Now, jag isn’t solely harmless. He additionally took down a bull or two. However, it’s going to virtually at all times be the jaguar that will get the blame for all the pieces. This decreases the inhabitants of jaguars in areas the place each jags and pumas dwell.

If we go additional south, into areas the place the jaguar is extra in its ingredient, like moist tropical forests… and the place they have an inclination to develop bigger… and the place a jaguar’s sample of rosettes does a a lot better job of camouflage than it does in red-rock and sand areas, the puma actually has to bow right down to the jaguar a bit extra.

Similar to the lion does to the leopard, the jaguar will harass a puma. This doesn’t imply the puma is frightened; it’s simply that it wouldn’t make sense to be belligerent towards a jaguar. The puma in these areas are nonetheless capable of feed off a distinct menu than a jaguar, and that’s all it wants. So it respects the jaguar.

How typically do jaguars and pumas meet within the wild? Hardly ever nostril to nostril, however they dwell adjoining to one another in lots of locations. It’s all about respect.

This query initially appeared on Quora – the place to realize and share information, empowering individuals to study from others and higher perceive the world. You possibly can observe Quora on Twitter, Fb, and Google+. Extra questions:

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How typically do jaguars and pumas meet within the wild? initially appeared on Quora: the place to realize and share information, empowering individuals to study from others and higher perceive the world.

Reply by Stefan Pociask, Veteran. Wildlife researcher, on Quora:

Jaguars and pumas… these two cats simply occur to be my passions, and I’ve had expertise with each. Comparable in some methods, and really totally different in others. Sure, they definitely have overlapping total territories, so this can be a cheap query to be interested by.

First, let’s handle the info that could possibly be used to reply this query. The vary of the puma is huge. It covers land from your entire western third of america, and up into Canada, and extends down throughout the Isthmus of Panama and plunges down by way of almost the whole thing of the South American continent. The truth is, the puma/cougar/mountain lion/panther (all the very same animal, btw) has the singular distinction of getting the biggest geographic vary of any native terrestrial mammal within the Western Hemisphere! It spans 28 nations, from southern Alaska right down to the southern tip of Chile! So, for these of you who could have thought the Mountain Lion was primarily a California or Rocky Mountains cat… as you may see, that’s hardly the case in any respect! The research out there, associated to Puma concolor, are as huge because the territory it inhabits. It’s an exquisite massive predator to review, in lots of several types of habitats. But, regardless of the enormity of research carried out over time, researchers of this cat proceed to study increasingly, and even have made some very latest, main discoveries; the unknown social lifetime of pumas, being a kind of surprises. It was lengthy believed that when pumas depart their moms, they spend the rest of their lives as loners; just like leopards in that regard. Because it seems, pumas have occasional household reunions, with dispersed grown litters often “coming house to mama” to spend a while along with her, with their siblings, and even newer litters which have nonetheless not gone off on their very own. It’s for these kinds of discoveries that researchers drive on, passionately, of their research. One can by no means study an excessive amount of, and positively by no means study all the pieces. So… there’s a number of Puma concolor information on the market.

Now we’ll contact on jaguar information. Of the 4 conventional Massive Cats, the jaguar has by far the least quantity of research carried out on it. In contrast to its extra well-known cousins over in Africa and Asia, who’ve been noticed in actual time for a lot of a long time now, the jaguar doesn’t share within the reputation and variety of wildlife organizations dedicated to them, to the identical extent. A part of that’s merely practicality of analysis within the areas the place all these cats dwell. South America makes for a extra rugged kind of analysis that’s wanted. The geography and flora is kind of totally different than the tall grass and reserves, the place the tigers dwell, and the huge savannas of the lions, leopards and even cheetahs.

Additionally, and possibly much more importantly, is the traits of what makes a jaguar a jaguar. They’re surviving by being essentially the most personal of all of the Massive Cats, apart from possibly the auxiliary members of the Massive Cat Membership… the Clouded Leopard and the Snow Leopard. I’ve gone into some element of the very particular persona of the jaguar right here, which you will discover to be equally attention-grabbing studying: Stefan Pociask’s reply to Why aren’t jaguars utilized in animal reveals as typically as lions and tigers? Is the general public much less interested by jaguars or are they much less trainable?

As I point out within the article above… regardless that each tigers and leopards are solitary hunters, they typically dwell in shut proximity to people. Jaguars are essentially the most troublesome to find as a result of they dwell in essentially the most desolate, unattainable areas. So not solely are they laborious to search out, additionally they go to the best pains to bodily separate themselves from all indicators of civilization. This means a stronger “dislike” of issues that point out civilization, making analysis about jaguars a lot slower. So very a lot about them but stays shrouded in thriller.

All of this results in a lopsidedness of obtainable information, relating to these two cats. So the place do we start, with a purpose to reply this query? Properly, very clearly, we should always start with the multi-year examine that was devoted virtually exactly to the crux of this query! This examine was already cited in one other’s reply to this query, however given a selected connection that I’ve to this examine… I would be capable to add extra perspective to it. The examine will be discovered right here: Jaguar interactions with pumas and prey on the northern fringe of jaguars’ vary.

It is a fabulous educational work put collectively by Carmina E. Gutiérrez-González and Carlos A. López-González. I do know Carlos; I’ve met him (though undoubtedly he wouldn’t know me). Their examine does in truth cowl the relationships between jaguars and pumas. I’m proud to say that I used to be concerned with among the organizations from which these two researchers compiled their information, and am aware of a few of these concerned within the undertaking. I’m very joyful to see that I, in some small method, added to the info base of data which was thought of and cited on this glorious analysis undertaking.

It makes an enchanting learn in case you’re within the particulars. So… there have been clearly conclusions drawn on the finish of the examine, that are associated to our query. Nevertheless, I’ll level out that the realm and the circumstances that had been used within the examine are very particular. They focused on an space in northern Sonora, Mexico. It is a comparatively arid space, and is an instance of solely one in all many several types of ecosystems that these two cats share. I received’t paraphrase their findings, as I don’t wish to misconstrue something. However I’ll make some feedback of my interpretation. In arid areas resembling northern Mexico, the jaguars are typically smaller than their South American brethren. This places them into a variety that may be very shut in dimension to the puma that additionally make their properties there. This makes for a relationship that’s particular to Northern Mexico, and the specifics of this relationship can’t essentially be utilized to all puma/jaguar relationships throughout the Americas. In a state of affairs the place the jaguar and puma are of comparable dimension, they’ve discovered a solution to co-exist. Though their total territory is identical space, they’ve every carved out areas inside that territory that the opposite typically respects. Two massive, comparable sized predators are conscious that neither has something to realize, and far to lose, by tangling with the opposite. There is no such thing as a level in making an attempt to be dominant over the opposite by way of bodily confrontations, as it’s doubtless that each will stroll away with substantial accidents. Who wants that, proper? So, I assume their relationship is one in all mutual respect. If they arrive upon one another in these areas, they have an inclination to basically give a tip of the hat to one another… maybe one could say “What’s up?”… the opposite responding with “Hey, what’s up?”… a mutual nod, they usually go on about their enterprise, again towards their neck of the woods. However there are some attention-grabbing angles to all of this coexistence stuff.

First… relating to their prey. Jaguars are likely to hunt bigger species than the pumas, even when they’re of comparable construct. The principle prey of pumas is deer and calves. However when you remove these two hottest meals of each… the rest of their diets differ. The jaguars may also embody of their diets, animals bigger than deer and calves, resembling absolutely grown cattle; whereas puma will spherical out their menu with animals smaller than deer and calves, resembling peccary and an abundance of small sport, even right down to floor squirrels and tune birds. At first, chances are you’ll say… properly, that is smart… the jaguar is a Massive Cat and the puma isn’t. However, this nonetheless holds true even in areas the place the 2 cats are equally sized; in areas the place the jaguar respects the puma and would somewhat not combat. So… if jaguars don’t wish to mess with these pumas, it could make sense that equally matched predators would hunt equally sized prey. But, that’s not the case. I’ll provide you with my slant on this. There are a number of components. Proof means that neither of those cats would have a bonus in a bodily confrontation. This, even supposing the jaw power of a jaguar is famous, and surpasses that of the puma, by multiples. The jaguar is constructed in a different way, being shoulder heavy, as in comparison with the puma. The puma is extra equally balanced, entrance to rear. This makes the puma extra versatile, additional leaping, with faster reflexes and extra litheness. The stronger jaws aren’t essentially a bonus in a combat. These jaws are made for searching, not preventing. A jaguar really has no issues with taking down an enormous cow or bull. He does this, as I’ve typically identified, by clamping down on the cranium of its prey, and impaling his canines immediately into the mind. Jaguars are the one cats, huge or small, that do that frequently. It’s, in truth, their signature transfer. It doesn’t matter how huge the prey is… with the big angle {that a} jaguar’s jaws can open to… and the absurdly excessive kilos per sq. inch of its chunk… no prey is simply too huge. There may be actually nothing in any jaguar’s vary that it could possibly’t kill utilizing this technique. Then these enormous shoulder muscle mass drag it away.

This implies little to a puma. No biggie. In a combat, a puma will outmaneuver these jaws in a coronary heart beat. Certain, if jag can get puma’s head in its grip… it’s curtains. However puma has equal claws, can have equal weight, and the quickness to provide its personal model of an ass-whoopin’ on a jaguar. All this to say that, regardless that jaguars have been recognized to eat over 100 totally different species, their comparatively low litheness, in comparison with a puma, typically makes small prey an excessive amount of of an vitality expenditure to hassle with. Jag would somewhat go take down that 1200 pound bull grazing too near the wooden line… as a result of he can. In the meantime, puma will probably be joyful to complement its food regimen with a dozen squirrels and a chook or two… as a result of he can. In order that explains why the extremes of their prey go in several instructions, regardless of being equally matched. However nonetheless… each would select a calf or a deer if out there.

Right here’s one other attention-grabbing state of affairs, having to do with the variety of every of those cat species in any specific space. On this state of affairs, the puma undoubtedly has the sting. In areas which have each pumas and jaguars, the puma is in much less hazard. There are areas the place solely pumas dwell. There are areas the place solely jaguar dwell. And there are areas the place each dwell. In these areas the place they each dwell, the pumas often outnumber the jaguars. Why? Due to man, and the fame that jaguars have with ranchers. Right here’s what occurs…

A puma makes his territory adjoining to a cattle ranch… sees a scrumptious tender calf… goes and kills it, eats a bunch of it, then drags the remainder into the bushes. It lasts a pair weeks, then the puma kills one other calf. Hides it. Eats it. The following month, one other calf. In the meantime, the rancher finds stays of three of his prized calves… will get with the man within the subsequent valley with searching canine… they trip out, discover a jaguar… and kill it.

Puma is in the meantime, snickering and winking within the bushes.

Although jaguars are protected, ranchers are wrecking havoc on their populations due to cattle. Now, jag isn’t solely harmless. He additionally took down a bull or two. However, it’s going to virtually at all times be the jaguar that will get the blame for all the pieces. This decreases the inhabitants of jaguars in areas the place each jags and pumas dwell.

If we go additional south, into areas the place the jaguar is extra in its ingredient, like moist tropical forests… and the place they have an inclination to develop bigger… and the place a jaguar’s sample of rosettes does a a lot better job of camouflage than it does in red-rock and sand areas, the puma actually has to bow right down to the jaguar a bit extra.

Similar to the lion does to the leopard, the jaguar will harass a puma. This doesn’t imply the puma is frightened; it’s simply that it wouldn’t make sense to be belligerent towards a jaguar. The puma in these areas are nonetheless capable of feed off a distinct menu than a jaguar, and that’s all it wants. So it respects the jaguar.

How typically do jaguars and pumas meet within the wild? Hardly ever nostril to nostril, however they dwell adjoining to one another in lots of locations. It’s all about respect.

This query initially appeared on Quora – the place to realize and share information, empowering individuals to study from others and higher perceive the world. You possibly can observe Quora on Twitter, Fb, and Google+. Extra questions: