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Just because Barbara Streisand did it with her dog doesn’t make it right.

Shelling out $25,000 to get your cat cloned or $50,000 to duplicate your dog might sound tempting if you’ve got the cash and can’t imagine life without your furry best friend. But there’s a dark side to pet cloning and customers can’t even be sure they get a clone that looks the same as their original pet, much less acts like it.

There are two companies right now that you can pay to clone your pet. Other services you see online might facilitate the process, but they are basically subcontractors for either ViaGen (based in Texas) or Sooam Biotech (in South Korea). Sooam actually licenses the technology from Start Licensing, a subsidiary of ViaGen, which owns the cloning patent. 

Lab techs at these facilities will clone your pet using a process called somatic cell nuclear transfer, the same method used to clone Dolly the sheep back in 1996.  This involves removing the nucleus from a female’s developing egg cell (or oocyte) and replacing it with the nucleus from a cell from the animal you want to clone. The new hybrid cell is then stimulated with an electric shock (a la Frankenstein) to make it divide and then implanted into a host organism that will (ideally) carry the pregnancy to term.

ViaGen research associate Earl Hwang “enucleates” bovine eggs in a lab at company headquarters in Austin, Texas on Monday, March 5,2007 Enucleation is the removal of DNA material from donor eggs. This genetic material is then transferred to recipient eggs which become cloned embryos. Photographer: Jack Plunkett/Bloomberg NewsBLOOMBERG NEWS

These cells only end up with one set of genetic material (normally an egg would contribute half and a sperm the other half), but because somatic cell nuclear transfer involves a cell from an adult with all the genetic materials, the embryo only needs one “parent.”

At this point, you might be wondering any number of things: What’s the process for getting the cell from your pet to provide the new nucleus? Does a nucleus alone mean you’ll get a perfect copy of your pet? How are the host animals treated? Is it worth the money?

For starters, the decision to clone your pet has to take place while they’re still alive. You’ll need to sign up with the company and purchase a kit to take to the vet so they can harvest some cells. Then, for anywhere between $1-2000, the company will cryogenically freeze the cells and store them until they are needed. Even if you decide not to go through with it, there’s no refund for the storage.

A laboratory specialist removes products from a cryogenic storage drawer. Photographer: Martin Divisek/Bloomberg© 2016 Bloomberg Finance LP

If you do decide to have your pet cloned, you’ll pay a much larger deposit (likely another $10k to $20k) to perform the cell transfer and implant the cells into a host animal. If the pregnancy is not successful, you can have your money back (minus the freezing fee).

But here’s where it’s helpful to start thinking about how much you really love animals. Your clone is not incubated in a high-tech vessel, but rather a real, living cat or dog (ViaGen also clones horses). One that was pumped full of hormones and kept in a sterile environment for the sole purpose of breeding. And since dogs only go into heat about twice a year (and cats seasonally), the eggs cells are hard to collect, something that drives up the price.

More often than not, multiple animals are needed to achieve one successful live birth (or alternately, you could end up with more than one kitten/puppy). The host animals are bred to be especially docile so they don’t cause trouble for the scientists and lab techs. It’s a creepier, more scientific puppy mill.

Other articles have pointed out the ethical obstacles involved in cloning pets, even digging into the murky past of Sooam Biotech’s lead scientist Hwang Woo-suk (the disgraced scientist who was kicked off the faculty of Seoul National University when it was discovered he faked his research into cloning a human embryo).

South Korean disgraced scientist Hwang Woo-suk, center, leaves after his trial at the Seoul Central District Court in Seoul, South Korea, Monday, Oct. 26,2009 Hwang, who falsely claimed to have achieved major breakthroughs in stem cell research, was convicted Monday of charges connected to his research, but avoided jail as the court suspended a two-year prison term for him. (AP Photo/Ahn Young-joon)

Perhaps what’s most important to consumers is the end product. Your clone is an identical twin of your former pet, but environmental factors as well as simple differences in how they are born and raised mean it won’t necessarily look or act like the original. They may have different coloring, for example, and you don’t get your money back if they do.

All these companies are promising is the same genome as your old cat or dog – they can’t control how that genome is expressed in the real world. So if Fluffy has different stripes and a bad attitude or Rover doesn’t have his beloved ear markings and seems much more difficult to train, did you really get your $25,000-$50,000 worth? Even Barbara Streisand admitted in her New York Times piece that “You can clone the look of a dog, but you can’t clone the soul.” (And she got lucky that her two new clones looked just like her original.)

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We’re also not entirely sure how animals are being treated in the laboratory. It takes many surrogates to create one clone – so what happens to the rest, especially if they can’t be re-inseminated right away? What happens to puppies or kittens born too soon or with deformities that makes them “damaged goods” that can’t be given to the customer?

Bioethicist Jessica Pierce articulates the problem with seeing dogs as mere objects in her New York Times op-ed and notes that dog cloning “reinforces the status of dogs as things to buy and collect, and as sentimental tokens…”

Dogs are valued for our feelings toward them, rather than for who they are as individuals.

Pierce also tells a story of how a cloning service once asked to partner with a pet palliative care organization she services on the board of (they declined), illuminating a marketing tactic that preys on pet owners’ devastation at the thought of losing their fluffy friend.

To top it all off, we don’t even know how long cloned pets will live. Older DNA can develop all sorts of problems that may shorten an animal’s life. Imagine paying $50,000 for just a few years with a pet that is only kind of like your original.

The final question here is about suffering, and it’s twofold. Why cause unnecessary suffering in animals just to play out your fantasy of never having to say goodbye to your pet? And why neglect the suffering of unwanted animals all over the world that could easily be wonderful companions?

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Now, there is at least one instance in which cloning animals could truly help humankind, although it takes none of the risks away from animals, and that’s in scientific research where new drugs, for example, need to be tested in a stable population. But even if we do clone animals for this reason, we need to explore avenues that involve the least amount of suffering.

Despite these issues, there are currently no regulations in place anywhere to deal with this technology or even ensure that it’s being done as humanely as possible; and there’s been very little public debate as the technology has further developed (though the FDA did solicit and receive tens of thousands of comments on the technology about 10 years ago).

And while it may not move you to consider the plight of cats and dogs in pet cloning, the technology does bring us closer to normalizing not just cloning but genomic manipulation for other species as well, including humans.

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Even If Barbara Streisand did it with her pet dog does not make it right.

Spending$25,000 to get your feline cloned or $(************************************************************************** ), 000 to replicate your pet dog may sound appealing if you have actually got the money and can’t envision life without your furry buddy. However there’s a dark side to pet cloning and clients can’t even make certain they get a clone that looks the like their initial animal, much less imitate it.

There are 2 business today that you can pay to clone your animal. Other services you see online may assist in the procedure, however they are generally subcontractors for either ViaGen (based in Texas )or Sooam Biotech( in South Korea). Sooam in fact certifies the innovation from Start Licensing, a subsidiary of ViaGen, which owns the cloning patent.

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Laboratory techs at these centers will clone your animal utilizing a procedure called somatic cell nuclear transfer, the very same approach utilized to clone Dolly the sheep back in1996 This includes getting rid of the nucleus from a woman’s establishing egg cell (or oocyte) and changing it with the nucleus from a cell from the animal you wish to clone. The brand-new hybrid cell is then promoted with an electrical shock (a la Frankenstein) to make it divide and after that implanted into a host organism that will (preferably) bring the pregnancy to term.

ViaGen research study partner Earl Hwang “enucleates” bovine eggs in a laboratory at business head office in Austin, Texas on Monday, March 5,2007 Enucleation is the elimination of DNA product from donor eggs. This hereditary product is then moved to recipient eggs which end up being cloned embryos. Professional Photographer: Jack Plunkett/Bloomberg News BLOOMBERG NEWS

(***** )(************ )(**************** )These cells just wind up with one set of hereditary product (typically an egg would contribute half and a sperm the other half ), however due to the fact that somatic cell nuclear transfer includes a cell from an adult with all the hereditary products, the embryo just requires one “moms and dad.”

At this moment, you might be questioning any variety of things: What’s the procedure for getting the cell from your animal to offer the brand-new nucleus? Does a nucleus alone imply you’ll get a best copy of your animal? How are the host animals dealt with? Is it worth the loan?

For beginners, the choice to clone your animal needs to happen while they’re still alive. You’ll require to join the business and buy a set to require to the veterinarian so they can gather some cells. Then, for anywhere in between $1-2000, the business will cryogenically freeze the cells and keep them up until they are required. Even if you choose not to go through with it, there’s no refund for the storage.

A lab expert eliminates items from a cryogenic storage drawer. Professional Photographer: Martin Divisek/Bloomberg © 2016 Bloomberg Financing LP

If you do choose to have your animal cloned, you’ll pay a much bigger deposit (most likely another $10 k to $20 k) to carry out the cell transfer and implant the cells into a host animal. If the pregnancy is not effective, you can have your cash back (minus the freezing charge).

However here’s where it’s useful to begin thinking of just how much you truly enjoy animals. Your clone is not bred in a state-of-the-art vessel, however rather a genuine, living feline or pet dog (ViaGen likewise clones horses). One that was pumped filled with hormonal agents and kept in a sterilized environment for the sole function of breeding. And because pet dogs just enter into heat about two times a year (and felines seasonally), the eggs cells are difficult to gather, something that increases the rate.

Typically, numerous animals are required to attain one effective live birth (or at the same time, you might wind up with more than one kitten/puppy). The host animals are reproduced to be specifically docile so they do not trigger difficulty for the researchers and laboratory techs. It’s a creepier, more clinical young puppy mill.

Other posts have pointed out the ethical challenges included in cloning family pets, even digging into the dirty past of Sooam Biotech’s lead researcher Hwang Woo-suk (the disgraced researcher who was started the professors of Seoul National University when it was found he fabricated his research study into cloning a human embryo).

South Korean disgraced researcher Hwang Woo-suk, center, leaves after his trial at the Seoul Central District Court in Seoul, South Korea, Monday, Oct. 26,2009 Hwang, who incorrectly declared to have actually accomplished significant advancements in stem cell research study, was founded guilty Monday of charges linked to his research study, however prevented prison as the court suspended a two-year jail term for him. (AP Photo/Ahn Young-joon)

Possibly what’s essential to customers is completion item. Your clone is a twin of your previous animal, however ecological elements along with basic distinctions in how they are born and raised imply it will not always look or imitate the initial. They might have various coloring, for instance, and you do not get your cash back if they do.

All these business are appealing is the very same genome as your old feline or pet dog – they can’t manage how that genome is revealed in the real life. So if Fluffy has various stripes and an attitude problem or Rover does not have his cherished ear markings and appears far more challenging to train, did you truly get your $25,000-$50,000 worth? Even Barbara Streisand confessed in her New york city Times piece that ” You can clone the appearance of a canine, however you can’t clone the soul.” (And she got fortunate that her 2 brand-new clones looked much like her initial.)

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We’re likewise not totally sure how animals are being dealt with in the lab. It takes numerous surrogates to produce one clone -so what takes place to the rest, specifically if they can’t be re-inseminated immediately? What takes place to young puppies or kitties born prematurely or with defects that makes them “harmed items” that can’t be provided to the client?

Bioethicist Jessica Pierce articulates the issue with seeing pet dogs as simple items in her New york city Times op-ed and keeps in mind that pet dog cloning “ strengthens the status of pet dogs as things to purchase and gather, and as emotional tokens …”

Pets are valued for our sensations towards them, instead of for who they are as people.

Pierce likewise narrates of how a cloning service as soon as asked to partner with a family pet palliative care company she services on the board of (they decreased), lighting up a marketing strategy that takes advantage of animal owners’ destruction at the idea of losing their fluffy good friend.

To top all of it off, we do not even understand the length of time cloned family pets will live. Older DNA can establish all sorts of issues that might reduce an animal’s life. Think of paying $50,000 for simply a couple of years with a family pet that is just sort of like your initial.

The last concern here has to do with suffering, and it’s twofold. Why trigger unneeded suffering in animals simply to play out your dream of never ever needing to bid farewell to your animal? And why disregard the suffering of undesirable animals all over the world that could quickly be terrific buddies?

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Now, there is at least one circumstances in which cloning animals might genuinely assist mankind, although it takes none of the dangers far from animals, which remains in clinical research study where brand-new drugs, for instance, require to be evaluated in a steady population. However even if we do clone animals for this factor, we require to check out opportunities that include the least quantity of suffering.

Regardless of these concerns, there are presently no guidelines in location anywhere to handle this innovation and even guarantee that it’s being done as humanely as possible; and there’s been extremely little public dispute as the innovation has actually even more established (though the FDA did get and get 10s of countless remarks on the innovation about 10 years ago).

And while it might stagnate you to think about the predicament of felines and pet dogs in animal cloning, the innovation does bring us closer to stabilizing not simply cloning however genomic control for other types too, consisting of human beings.

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66245210728″ >

Even If Barbara Streisand did it with her pet dog does not make it right.

Spending $ 25, 000 to get your feline cloned or $ 50, 000 to replicate your pet dog may sound appealing if you have actually got the money and can’t envision life without your furry buddy. However there’s a dark side to pet cloning and clients can’t even make certain they get a clone that looks the like their initial animal, much less imitate it.

There are 2 business today that you can pay to clone your animal. Other services you see online may assist in the procedure, however they are generally subcontractors for either ViaGen (based in Texas) or Sooam Biotech (in South Korea). Sooam in fact certifies the innovation from Start Licensing, a subsidiary of ViaGen, which owns the cloning patent.

Laboratory techs at these centers will clone your animal utilizing a procedure called somatic cell nuclear transfer, the very same approach utilized to clone Dolly the sheep back in1996 This includes getting rid of the nucleus from a woman’s establishing egg cell (or oocyte) and changing it with the nucleus from a cell from the animal you wish to clone. The brand-new hybrid cell is then promoted with an electrical shock (a la Frankenstein) to make it divide and after that implanted into a host organism that will (preferably) bring the pregnancy to term.

.

.

ViaGen research study partner Earl Hwang “enucleates” bovine eggs in a laboratory at business head office in Austin, Texas on Monday, March 5,2007 Enucleation is the elimination of DNA product from donor eggs. This hereditary product is then moved to recipient eggs which end up being cloned embryos. Professional Photographer: Jack Plunkett/Bloomberg News BLOOMBERG NEWS

.

.

These cells just wind up with one set of hereditary product (typically an egg would contribute half and a sperm the other half), however due to the fact that somatic cell nuclear transfer includes a cell from an adult with all the hereditary products, the embryo just requires one “moms and dad.”

At this moment, you might be questioning any variety of things: What’s the procedure for getting the cell from your animal to offer the brand-new nucleus? Does a nucleus alone imply you’ll get a best copy of your animal? How are the host animals dealt with? Is it worth the loan?

For beginners, the choice to clone your animal needs to happen while they’re still alive. You’ll require to join the business and buy a set to require to the veterinarian so they can gather some cells. Then, for anywhere in between $ 1 – 2000, the business will cryogenically freeze the cells and keep them up until they are required. Even if you choose not to go through with it, there’s no refund for the storage.

.

.

A lab expert eliminates items from a cryogenic storage drawer. Professional Photographer: Martin Divisek/Bloomberg © 2016 Bloomberg Financing LP

.

.

If you do choose to have your animal cloned, you’ll pay a much bigger deposit (most likely another $ 10 k to $ 20 k) to carry out the cell transfer and implant the cells into a host animal. If the pregnancy is not effective, you can have your cash back (minus the freezing charge).

However here’s where it’s useful to begin thinking of just how much you truly enjoy animals. Your clone is not bred in a state-of-the-art vessel, however rather a genuine, living feline or pet dog (ViaGen likewise clones horses). One that was pumped filled with hormonal agents and kept in a sterilized environment for the sole function of breeding. And because pet dogs just enter into heat about two times a year (and felines seasonally), the eggs cells are difficult to gather, something that increases the rate.

Typically, numerous animals are required to attain one effective live birth (or at the same time, you might wind up with more than one kitten/puppy). The host animals are reproduced to be specifically docile so they do not trigger difficulty for the researchers and laboratory techs. It’s a creepier, more clinical young puppy mill.

Other posts have pointed out the ethical challenges included in cloning family pets, even digging into the dirty past of Sooam Biotech’s lead researcher Hwang Woo-suk (the disgraced researcher who was started the professors of Seoul National University when it was found he fabricated his research study into cloning a human embryo).

.

.

South Korean disgraced researcher Hwang Woo-suk, center, leaves after his trial at the Seoul Central District Court in Seoul, South Korea, Monday, Oct. 26,2009 Hwang, who incorrectly declared to have actually accomplished significant advancements in stem cell research study, was founded guilty Monday of charges linked to his research study, however prevented prison as the court suspended a two-year jail term for him. (AP Photo/Ahn Young-joon)

.

.

Possibly what’s essential to customers is completion item. Your clone is a twin of your previous animal, however ecological elements along with basic distinctions in how they are born and raised imply it will not always look or imitate the initial. They might have various coloring, for instance, and you do not get your cash back if they do.

All these business are appealing is the very same genome as your old feline or pet dog – they can’t manage how that genome is revealed in the real life. So if Fluffy has various stripes and an attitude problem or Rover does not have his cherished ear markings and appears far more challenging to train, did you truly get your $ 25, 000 – $ 50, 000 worth? Even Barbara Streisand confessed in her New york city Times piece that “You can clone the appearance of a canine, however you can’t clone the soul.” (And she got fortunate that her 2 brand-new clones looked much like her initial.)

We’re likewise not totally sure how animals are being dealt with in the lab. It takes numerous surrogates to produce one clone – so what takes place to the rest, specifically if they can’t be re-inseminated immediately? What takes place to young puppies or kitties born prematurely or with defects that makes them “harmed items” that can’t be provided to the client?

Bioethicist Jessica Pierce articulates the issue with seeing pet dogs as simple items in her New york city Times op-ed and keeps in mind that pet dog cloning” strengthens the status of pet dogs as things to purchase and gather, and as emotional tokens …”

.

Pets are valued for our sensations towards them, instead of for who they are as people.

.

Pierce likewise narrates of how a cloning service as soon as asked to partner with a family pet palliative care company she services on the board of (they decreased), lighting up a marketing strategy that takes advantage of animal owners’ destruction at the idea of losing their fluffy good friend.

To top all of it off, we do not even understand the length of time cloned family pets will live. Older DNA can establish all sorts of issues that might reduce an animal’s life. Think of paying $ 50, 000 for simply a couple of years with a family pet that is just sort of like your initial.

The last concern here has to do with suffering, and it’s twofold. Why trigger unneeded suffering in animals simply to play out your dream of never ever needing to bid farewell to your animal? And why disregard the suffering of undesirable animals all over the world that could quickly be terrific buddies?

Now, there is at least one circumstances in which cloning animals might genuinely assist mankind, although it takes none of the dangers far from animals, which remains in clinical research study where brand-new drugs, for instance, require to be evaluated in a steady population. However even if we do clone animals for this factor, we require to check out opportunities that include the least quantity of suffering.

Regardless of these concerns, there are presently no guidelines in location anywhere to handle this innovation and even guarantee that it’s being done as humanely as possible; and there’s been extremely little public dispute as the innovation has actually even more established (though the FDA did get and get 10s of countless remarks on the innovation about 10 years ago).

And while it might stagnate you to think about the predicament of felines and pet dogs in animal cloning, the innovation does bring us closer to stabilizing not simply cloning however genomic control for other types too, consisting of human beings.

.