This story is a part of To The Moon, a sequence exploring humanity’s first journey to the lunar floor and our future dwelling and dealing on the moon.

Click on right here for To the Moon, a CNET sequence analyzing our relationship with the moon from the primary touchdown of Apollo 11 to future human settlement on its floor.

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On July 16 1969, the Apollo 11 mission to the moon launched atop a Saturn V rocket from Cape Canaveral Air Drive Station in Florida. 

That was 50 years in the past.

It was a launch that represented a triumph of human achievement and engineering, a frighteningly harmful foray into the unknown.

It is a second that feels otherworldly, an occasion usually skilled through grainy archival footage and crackling audio recordings however now, half a century later, NASA is planning to return to the moon. And on the area company’s newest launch, I obtained a entrance row seat to the superior promise of area journey.

I obtained to look at a rocket take off dwell and in individual.

Seems, it does not matter whether or not you are experiencing the very first manned mission to the moon within the 1960s or the subsequent step in area discovery in 2019 — a sonic growth remains to be the perfect sound you will ever hear.


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Launching a rocket off a rocket


Orion’s Ascent Abort 2 check rocket, the day earlier than launch, at Cape Canaveral Air Drive Station.

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Within the early hours of Tuesday morning, NASA performed the Ascent Abort 2 (AA-2) check flight at Cape Canaveral. The launch was the ultimate check flight for the Artemis mission, which is ready to ship the primary lady and the subsequent man to the lunar floor aboard the Orion spacecraft in 2024.

The Orion abort check launch lit up the sky.

John Kim/CNET

This was the final cease earlier than the moon — the ultimate likelihood to check the important techniques that can pull the command module and our astronauts inside to security if something goes incorrect. From right here, the subsequent cease is human beings touchdown again on the moon (and, finally, missions on to Mars).

After the rocket climbed to roughly 44,000 toes and reached speeds round Mach 1.08 (virtually 830 miles per hour), the group fired the abort motor on the Orion check automobile, separating the command module from the launch automobile. Simply three minutes and 13 seconds later, the command module splashed down within the ocean. 

From the place I used to be standing, on the roof of a constructing greater than three miles away from the launchpad, the sound of the splash got here as an almighty roar. 

And as soon as the early information had are available in, shortly after the launch, the decision was clear: If the Launch Abort System carried out like this throughout an precise flight, the crew would survive. 

It was a brief check, however in response to Charlie Precourt, a former NASA shuttle astronaut and head of the propulsion division at Northrop Grumman (the corporate that constructed the rocket techniques for the abort check), it was removed from easy. 


The path left by the Orion check rocket.

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“I like to explain it as launching a rocket off of a flying rocket,” he advised me shortly after the launch. “It is powerful sufficient to fly a rocket off a nonetheless launch pad — the launch pad for our launch abort system is definitely a shifting rocket at very excessive speeds, so it is a very sophisticated set of laptop algorithms that information the firing of the motor.”

This check flight was a good distance from the Apollo launch — there have been no astronauts on board, and the check rocket was considerably smaller than the Saturn V — however being on the bottom at Cape Canaveral was the closest I’ve ever felt to that historic occasion. 

On the bottom 

A rocket launch is exhausting, even when you’re simply watching. 

The day earlier than the AA-2 check flight, I woke at Four a.m. and drove out to the Kennedy Area Middle with CNET video producers John Kim and Logan Moy. As the one international nationwide in our group, I may solely go so far as the badging middle on the perimeter: A NASA escort would take me (and two beautiful Dutch photographers) past the gates and into the Cape Canaveral Air Drive Station. As soon as we had been by, the complete scale of NASA’s operations turned clear. Fifty years of historical past got here into full view. 


Distant cameras set as much as seize the rocket launch, full with jury-rigged digital camera housings.

Claire Reilly/CNET

Because the solar rose behind us, we bussed out to the launchpad. The check automobile was within the remaining preparation levels earlier than launch. The biting bugs had fashioned searching packs. 

We shuffled off the bus and joined the crew of veteran photographers as they started organising their distant cameras. These cameras — positioned in an space close to the launchpad that might quickly be off limits to press — had been all set as much as set off remotely or on the sound of the blast. Every photographer has their very own approach for getting a digital camera to set off on the proper time whereas staying in focus (and with sufficient battery) to seize the right shot. “Ask every photographer,” I used to be advised. “They will all offer you a distinct methodology.”

Whereas the photographers jury-rigged tin foil and cling movie casings round their DSLRs, we trekked down the hill to take pictures. I swatted away wasps, sweated within the humidity and virtually stepped on an alligator. (Seems even the tightest ranges of NASA safety cannot cease a six-foot reptile from organising camp within the grass just a few toes away from me.)

Coming to phrases with my very own mortality, I used to be again on the bus driving throughout to see the cellular launcher that can finally present the launch help construction for Orion, in addition to the large crawler transporter that had moved the launcher into place. 

In all of the busing round, I used to be hit with the overwhelming feeling that the extra issues change, the extra they keep the identical. 

Right here I used to be, 50 years after the Apollo 11 launch, doing the identical excursions reporters and observers would have taken again then. And cursing the July warmth and feeling my hand follow the paper as I took down notes.

We drove previous rows of low-roofed industrial buildings, unchanged from NASA’s early days, when the area race was at its most intense and Soviet rivalry noticed a complete trade spring up on the area coast in a decade. These buildings — all midcentury modernism and utilitarian white paint — popped up right here and there within the marshy panorama as we drove across the base, trying like they’d appeared in a single day. Understanding the frenzy to get to area within the ’60s, they in all probability did. 

Within the press constructing, the names of well-known CBS anchor Walter Cronkite and Jack King (NASA’s public affairs officer through the Apollo 11 launch and the person who narrated the launch day countdown) had been inscribed into plaques on the wall. As I answered emails on my cellphone, I seen light stickers glued to the tables: Telephone strains have to be reserved earlier than use. That felt like the most important relic I might seen on this tour.

After which the launch itself, seen from the roof of an previous Air Drive constructing. The countdown, the anticipation after which the fierce explosion and sensible plumes of smoke. And naturally, the thunderous roar because the sound hit us seconds later. 

Subsequent cease: The moon


Ready for the Orion check launch at Cape Canaveral Air Drive Station

Claire Reilly/CNET

“So! D’ya get something good?” 

Packing up our gear, we had been quickly evaluating photographs and speaking about which rocket components had been jettisoned the place. A number of the photographers right here appeared like they might have been round since these early Apollo days. One wore a baseball cap so fully obscured by commemorative mission pins he seemed like a adorned soldier. 

Sitting again on the bus, it was straightforward to really feel drawn again to the early days at Canaveral. The know-how may need modified — the rockets extra superior, the techniques extra refined — however the overarching the targets have not modified all that a lot for the reason that ’60s. 

Identical to Apollo 50 years in the past, the Artemis mission will attain out to area to increase the human race farther than it has been. Whereas Artemis is treading acquainted floor by going again to the moon, NASA is extending its grasp additional. 


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“Our aim now’s to go additional, for longer durations,” Orion Program Supervisor Mark Karasich advised me from the Kennedy Area Middle. “And our aim is to go to Mars, initially, and finally take humanity throughout the photo voltaic system. The moon this time is a spot the place we’ll develop and observe our strategies for going to those different locations.”

On the press convention after the launch, he was speaking about ticking off the subsequent aim on NASA’s checklist. 

“The following large verify mark is the moon,” he stated. 

However this time, the moon really will likely be one small step — a step in an even bigger journey that would see us turning into a multiplanetary species. 

Which leads us again to that sonic growth and the Orion check flight at Cape Canaveral. This wasn’t the most important rocket NASA has launched, and it actually will not be the final. However waking up on the morning time to trek out to the area coast on Tuesday morning, I noticed that is a part of a giant leap ahead. Simply because it was for these first individuals who braved the July warmth to look at the Apollo launch 50 years in the past, that is a part of one thing larger. 

As Charlie Precourt, the previous astronaut, advised me shortly after the launch, area launches really by no means get previous. 

“Did you hear the rumble of that factor?” he requested me. “You by no means get uninterested in that.”

Initially printed July 5, 5 a.m. PT