‘Jeopardy!’ host Alex Trebek speaks as he is inducted into the National Association of Broadcasters Broadcasting Hall of Fame on April 9, 2018 in Las Vegas, Nevada. (Photo by Ethan Miller/Getty Images)Getty

As the longtime host of the television game show Jeopardy!, Alex Trebek has been used to providing answers to contestants. Unfortunately, the 78-year-old Trebek has a diagnosis that still has many, many more questions than answers.

With the following video, Trebek announced that he has been diagnosed with stage IV pancreatic cancer:

This is a very, very tough diagnosis. According to Cancer.net, each year in the United States, approximately 55,000 adults will be diagnosed with pancreatic cancer and approximately 44,000 will die from the disease. That makes it the fourth leading cause of cancer mortality, accounting for 7% of all cancer deaths. According to the American Cancer Society, data from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) show that five years after diagnosis only 9% of patients remain alive.

To make matters worse, Stage IV is the most advanced stage of pancreatic cancer, meaning that the cancer has spread well beyond the pancreas to other more distant parts of the body such the liver, the peritoneum (which is the lining of the abdominal cavity), the lungs, or the bones. The higher the stage, the more the cancer has spread. As the American Cancer Society delineates, Stage 0 is the earliest stage when the cancer is is still at just the top layers of the cells lining the pancreatic ducts. Stage I cancer has invaded deeper into the rest of the pancreas but the tumor is still less than 4 cm across in size and has not spread to any lymph nodes. Stage II is when the cancer is either larger than 4 cm across or has spread to no more than three nearby lymph nodes. In Stage III cancer, the cancer has spread to four or more lymph nodes or has invaded nearby blood vessels.

The more advanced the stage, the harder it is to treat pancreatic cancer. As you can imagine, it is a lot easier to get rid of cancer if it is just a single small mass. The further it has spread the more difficult it is to keep track of and remove every cancerous cell from the body.

A major problem with pancreatic cancer is that patients tend to get diagnosed at later stages, frequently being diagnosed at stage IV. That’s because you can’t regularly directly see or touch your pancreas. If you somehow can, something is seriously wrong with your body and you should see a doctor immediately. Instead, typically your pancreas is tucked deep inside your abdomen, packed in by your liver, gallbladder, stomach, intestines, and spleen. Therefore, a tumor can grow silently for a while without producing symptoms.

Symptoms tend to emerge only after the cancer has spread enough to affect other structures. For example, you may feel belly or back pain because the tumor has gotten so big that it is pressing on other structures. Or you may develop jaundice (yellowing eyes and skin), dark urine, greasy stools, or itchy skin because your liver is affected and can no longer properly process bilirubin. Or you may have nausea, vomiting, or loss of appetite, again because the cancer has spread beyond your pancreas.

When the cancer is still confined to the pancreas or has spread no further than nearby lymph nodes, a cure is still possible if you can essentially get rid of all the cancer cells. Since your pancreas is nestled in with other structures, removing any mass from your pancreas is no small feat. It typically entails removing at least part of your pancreas, your gallbladder, your bile ducts, and part of your intestine and then reattaching everything that is left, clearly a major surgical procedure. The most common version of this is called a Whipple procedure as shown by this video from the Mayo Clinic:

The procedure is named after the surgeon Dr. Allen Whipple who had refined the procedure in the 1930’s and not Mr. Whipple of the Charmin toilet tissue commercials. There are other variations of this procedure. Removing and messing around with these parts of your digestive system can wreak all kinds of havoc with your digestion.

Even if the tumor is successfully removed, doctors will frequently administer chemotherapy (gemcitabine is commonly used alone or with other drugs) with or without radiation therapy. This is to try to kill any remaining cancer cells that can’t be readily seen. Otherwise, remaining cancer cells could then continue to grow. This is why close and frequent follow-up with your doctor is essential after surgery to check if you are indeed tumor free and have been cured.

Once the cancer has reached stage IV and spread well beyond the pancreas, cure is no longer possible. This doesn’t mean give up, because when pancreatic cancer has spread distantly, the goal shifts from trying get rid of all the cancer cells to trying to extend life and reduce the effects of the cancer as long as possible. This may involve a combination of chemotherapeutic drugs and radiation. Surgery may also help relieve symptoms caused by the tumor blocking vital structures. According to Cancer Research UK, the median survival for those with Stage IV pancreatic cancer is just 2 to 6 months.

There is a desperate need for more research about pancreatic cancer because so many questions remain and the currently available answers are not good. Will scientists someday be able to develop a reliable way to screen for pancreatic cancer? Will there someday be a better way of removing cancer from the pancreas that doesn’t cause so much disruption to the body? Will someone develop more targeted chemotherapeutic agents that can more selectively kill pancreatic cancer cells while doing less damage to the rest of the body? Similarly, will someone develop a way of specifically targeting radiation therapy without harming the surrounding structures? Will the odds of survival someday be better?

Indeed, many questions remain, including what will happen to Trebek. For now, he will remain the face of Jeopardy! That means we could continue to see moments like these:

Trebek does face very tough odds. But odds calculated from a population do not necessarily apply to every single individual. A given individual could potentially do worse or do better than stated odds. Maybe his remaining in the public eye will raise more awareness of pancreatic cancer, which someday, hopefully, could help bring more urgently needed answers on how to better address this major killer.  

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‘ Jeopardy! ‘host Alex Trebek speaks as he is inducted into the National Association of Broadcasters Broadcasting Hall of Popularity on April 9, 2018 in Las Vegas, Nevada. (Picture by Ethan Miller/Getty Images) Getty

As the long time host of the tv video game program(************* )Jeopardy!, Alex Trebek has actually been utilized to supplying responses to entrants. Sadly, the78- year-old Trebek has a medical diagnosis that still has lots of, a lot more concerns than responses.

With the following video, Trebek revealed that he has actually been detected with phase IV pancreatic cancer:

This is a really, extremely hard medical diagnosis. According to Cancer.net, each year in the United States, around 55,000 grownups will be detected with pancreatic cancer and around 44,000 will pass away from the illness. That makes it the 4th leading reason for cancer death, representing 7% of all cancer deaths. According to the American Cancer Society, information from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) reveal that 5 years after medical diagnosis just 9% of clients live.

To make matters worse, Phase IV is the most sophisticated phase of pancreatic cancer, indicating that the cancer has actually spread out well beyond the pancreas to other more far-off parts of the body such the liver, the peritoneum (which is the lining of the stomach cavity), the lungs, or the bones. The greater the phase, the more the cancer has actually spread out. As the American Cancer Society defines, Phase 0 is the earliest phase when the cancer is is still at simply the leading layers of the cells lining the pancreatic ducts. Phase I cancer has actually attacked much deeper into the remainder of the pancreas however the growth is still less than 4 cm throughout in size and has actually not infected any lymph nodes. Phase II is when the cancer is either bigger than 4 cm throughout or has actually infected no greater than 3 close-by lymph nodes. In Phase III cancer, the cancer has actually infected 4 or more lymph nodes or has actually attacked close-by capillary.

The more advanced the phase, the more difficult it is to deal with pancreatic cancer. As you can picture, it is a lot simpler to eliminate cancer if it is simply a single little mass. The additional it has actually spread out the harder it is to monitor and get rid of every malignant cell from the body.

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A significant issue with pancreatic cancer is that clients tend to get detected at later phases, often being detected at phase IV. That’s due to the fact that you can’t routinely straight see or touch your pancreas. If you in some way can, something is seriously incorrect with your body and you ought to see a medical professional right away. Rather, generally your pancreas is tucked deep inside your abdominal area, crammed in by your liver, gallbladder, stomach, intestinal tracts, and spleen. For that reason, a growth can grow calmly for a while without producing signs.

Signs tend to emerge just after the cancer has actually spread out enough to impact other structures. For instance, you might feel stubborn belly or neck and back pain due to the fact that the growth has actually gotten so huge that it is continuing other structures. Or you might establish jaundice (yellowing eyes and skin), dark urine, oily stools, or scratchy skin due to the fact that your liver is impacted and can no longer correctly procedure bilirubin. Or you might have queasiness, throwing up, or anorexia nervosa, once again due to the fact that the cancer has actually spread out beyond your pancreas.

When the cancer is still restricted to the pancreas or has actually spread out no even more than close-by lymph nodes, a treatment is still possible if you can basically eliminate all the cancer cells. Because your pancreas is nestled in with other structures, getting rid of any mass from your pancreas is no little accomplishment. It generally involves getting rid of a minimum of part of your pancreas, your gallbladder, your bile ducts, and part of your intestinal tract and after that reattaching whatever that is left, plainly a significant surgery. The most typical variation of this is called a Whipple treatment as revealed by this video from the Mayo Center:

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The treatment is called after the cosmetic surgeon Dr. Allen Whipple who had actually improved the treatment in the 1930’s and not Mr. Whipple of the Charmin toilet paper commercials. There are other variations of this treatment. Eliminating and tampering these parts of your gastrointestinal system can wreak all sort of havoc with your food digestion.

Even if the growth is effectively eliminated, medical professionals will often administer chemotherapy ( g emcitabine is frequently utilized alone or with other drugs) with or without radiation treatment. This is to attempt to eliminate any staying cancer cells that can’t be easily seen. Otherwise, staying cancer cells might then continue to grow. This is why close and regular follow-up with your physician is vital after surgical treatment to examine if you are certainly tumor totally free and have actually been treated.

Once the cancer has actually reached phase IV and spread out well beyond the pancreas, treatment is no longer possible. This does not suggest quit, due to the fact that when pancreatic cancer has actually spread out distantly, the objective shifts from attempting eliminate all the cancer cells to attempting to extend life and lower the impacts of the cancer as long as possible. This might include a mix of chemotherapeutic drugs and radiation. Surgical treatment might likewise assist alleviate signs brought on by the growth obstructing important structures. According to Cancer Research Study UK, the typical survival for those with Phase IV pancreatic cancer is simply 2 to 6 months.

There is a desperate requirement for more research study about pancreatic cancer due to the fact that many concerns stay and the presently offered responses are not excellent. Will researchers at some point have the ability to establish a trusted method to screen for pancreatic cancer? Will there at some point be a much better method of getting rid of cancer from the pancreas that does not trigger a lot interruption to the body? Will somebody establish more targeted chemotherapeutic representatives that can more selectively eliminate pancreatic cancer cells while doing less damage to the remainder of the body? Likewise, will somebody establish a method of particularly targeting radiation treatment without damaging the surrounding structures? Will the chances of survival at some point be much better?

Certainly, lots of concerns stay, including what will take place to Trebek. In the meantime, he will stay the face of Jeopardy! That suggests we might continue to see minutes like these:

Trebek does deal with extremely hard chances. However chances determined from a population do not always use to every person. A provided person might possibly do even worse or do much better than mentioned chances. Perhaps his staying in the public eye will raise more awareness of pancreatic cancer, which at some point, ideally, might assist bring more urgently required responses on how to much better address this significant killer.

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1416893733″ >

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‘Jeopardy!’ host Alex Trebek speaks as he is inducted into the National Association of Broadcasters Broadcasting Hall of Popularity on April 9, 2018 in Las Vegas, Nevada. (Picture by Ethan Miller/Getty Images) Getty

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As the long time host of the tv video game program Jeopardy! , Alex Trebek has actually been utilized to supplying responses to entrants. Sadly, the 78 – year-old Trebek has a medical diagnosis that still has lots of, a lot more concerns than responses.

With the following video, Trebek revealed that he has actually been detected with phase IV pancreatic cancer:

.

This is a really, extremely hard medical diagnosis. According to Cancer.net , each year in the United States, around 55, 000 grownups will be detected with pancreatic cancer and around 44, 000 will pass away from the illness. That makes it the 4th leading reason for cancer death, representing 7 % of all cancer deaths. According to the American Cancer Society , information from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) reveal that 5 years after medical diagnosis just 9 % of clients live.

To make matters worse, Phase IV is the most sophisticated phase of pancreatic cancer, indicating that the cancer has actually spread out well beyond the pancreas to other more far-off parts of the body such the liver, the peritoneum (which is the lining of the stomach cavity), the lungs, or the bones. The greater the phase, the more the cancer has actually spread out. As the American Cancer Society defines , Phase 0 is the earliest phase when the cancer is is still at simply the leading layers of the cells lining the pancreatic ducts. Phase I cancer has actually attacked much deeper into the remainder of the pancreas however the growth is still less than 4 cm throughout in size and has actually not infected any lymph nodes. Phase II is when the cancer is either bigger than 4 cm throughout or has actually infected no greater than 3 close-by lymph nodes. In Phase III cancer, the cancer has actually infected 4 or more lymph nodes or has actually attacked close-by capillary.

The more advanced the phase, the more difficult it is to deal with pancreatic cancer. As you can picture, it is a lot simpler to eliminate cancer if it is simply a single little mass. The additional it has actually spread out the harder it is to monitor and get rid of every malignant cell from the body.

A significant issue with pancreatic cancer is that clients tend to get detected at later phases, often being detected at phase IV. That’s due to the fact that you can’t routinely straight see or touch your pancreas. If you in some way can, something is seriously incorrect with your body and you ought to see a medical professional right away. Rather, generally your pancreas is tucked deep inside your abdominal area, crammed in by your liver, gallbladder, stomach, intestinal tracts, and spleen. For that reason, a growth can grow calmly for a while without producing signs.

Signs tend to emerge just after the cancer has actually spread out enough to impact other structures. For instance, you might feel stubborn belly or neck and back pain due to the fact that the growth has actually gotten so huge that it is continuing other structures. Or you might establish jaundice (yellowing eyes and skin), dark urine, oily stools, or scratchy skin due to the fact that your liver is impacted and can no longer correctly procedure bilirubin. Or you might have queasiness, throwing up, or anorexia nervosa, once again due to the fact that the cancer has actually spread out beyond your pancreas.

When the cancer is still restricted to the pancreas or has actually spread out no even more than close-by lymph nodes, a treatment is still possible if you can basically eliminate all the cancer cells. Because your pancreas is nestled in with other structures, getting rid of any mass from your pancreas is no little accomplishment. It generally involves getting rid of a minimum of part of your pancreas, your gallbladder, your bile ducts, and part of your intestinal tract and after that reattaching whatever that is left, plainly a significant surgery. The most typical variation of this is called a Whipple treatment as revealed by this video from the Mayo Center:

The treatment is called after the cosmetic surgeon Dr. Allen Whipple who had actually improved the treatment in the 1930’s and not Mr. Whipple of the Charmin toilet paper commercials. There are other variations of this treatment. Eliminating and tampering these parts of your gastrointestinal system can wreak all sort of havoc with your food digestion.

Even if the growth is effectively eliminated, medical professionals will often administer chemotherapy ( g emcitabine is frequently utilized alone or with other drugs) with or without radiation treatment. This is to attempt to eliminate any staying cancer cells that can’t be easily seen. Otherwise, staying cancer cells might then continue to grow. This is why close and regular follow-up with your physician is vital after surgical treatment to examine if you are certainly tumor totally free and have actually been treated.

Once the cancer has actually reached phase IV and spread out well beyond the pancreas, treatment is no longer possible. This does not suggest quit, due to the fact that when pancreatic cancer has actually spread out distantly, the objective shifts from attempting eliminate all the cancer cells to attempting to extend life and lower the impacts of the cancer as long as possible. This might include a mix of chemotherapeutic drugs and radiation. Surgical treatment might likewise assist alleviate signs brought on by the growth obstructing important structures. According to Cancer Research Study UK , the typical survival for those with Phase IV pancreatic cancer is simply 2 to 6 months.

There is a desperate requirement for more research study about pancreatic cancer due to the fact that many concerns stay and the presently offered responses are bad. Will researchers at some point have the ability to establish a trusted method to screen for pancreatic cancer? Will there at some point be a much better method of getting rid of cancer from the pancreas that does not trigger a lot interruption to the body? Will somebody establish more targeted chemotherapeutic representatives that can more selectively eliminate pancreatic cancer cells while doing less damage to the remainder of the body? Likewise, will somebody establish a method of particularly targeting radiation treatment without damaging the surrounding structures? Will the chances of survival at some point be much better?

Certainly, lots of concerns stay, including what will take place to Trebek. In the meantime, he will stay the face of Jeopardy! That suggests we might continue to see minutes like these:

Trebek does deal with extremely hard chances. However chances determined from a population do not always use to every person. A provided person might possibly do even worse or do much better than mentioned chances. Perhaps his staying in the public eye will raise more awareness of pancreatic cancer, which at some point, ideally, might assist bring more urgently required responses on how to much better address this significant killer.

.