What are some real life examples of amazing capabilities of brain? originally appeared on Quora: the place to gain and share knowledge, empowering people to learn from others and better understand the world.

Answer by Fabian van den Berg, Neuroscientist and Psychologist, on Quora:

The most amazing capabilities of the brain are those we take for granted.

If I would state that 1+1=10, I would get some raised eyebrows; that doesn’t seem right. Everyone knows that 1+1=2, yet both equations have the same meaning, both are correct. How? you must wonder. I’ll give a hint using a different example, both 9: 00 and 21: 00 can be read as “nine”, yet the second one is clearly twenty-one. Both examples can be explained by the same thing.

The difference between the two equations in the first example is the interpretation of the number symbols, with the former having a binary interpretation and the latter our intuitive base-10 interpretation. The second example would only make sense to people used to a 24-hour time format, where we learned that 13: 00 through 0: 00 are equivalent to one through twelve. It all makes sense once you know how to interpret the symbols being used.

Most don’t give it a second thought, but these numbers don’t really exist. You never see a wild three, you can’t buy a bag of sevens, nor can you stumble upon a pride of fives hunting some twos. Numbers are squiggly lines we gave meaning, completely abstract and void of any connection to the quantities they represent. The abstractness of numbers shows when the meaning changes, like in binary notations or a 24-hours clock format, and we casually switch interpretation like it’s nothing. The symbols don’t matter as much as how we interpret them, what we were taught.

Before we can do any of this we need to learn those numbers, which is part of basic education for most children. How hard can it be? All we ask them to do is force an unnatural connection between intangible quantities and artificial squiggly lines. That process is exactly what my research is about. Learning symbols, both letters and symbols, is completely artificial. Evolution did not grant us this ability, we made it ourselves. We hijacked some brain areas and transformed them to facilitate the human quirk of literacy. It may sound a bit extravagant for such a mundane activity, but you’re taking your brain for granted right there.

We know surprisingly little about how an infant brain manages this amazing feat though, but there are plenty of excellent ideas. What we do know is that it doesn’t happen all in one go, nor does it synchronize over learning words and magnitudes. A child between two and three years of age can count to ten, and they are more than happy to demonstrate this ability over, and over, and over again. Sometimes they can even go higher than ten, until some point where they start skipping over a few and go from thirteen to eighteen and just lose the rhythm and start over.

Despite their amazing ability to count to ten, a two-year-old has no clue what it means; ask them for eight balls and you’ll get a random number. Their ability to count can be compared to their ability to recite the alphabet, a catchy list of words. In the months to follow this will change drastically, they start to connect quantities to words and symbols. At first asking them for one ball gets you one ball, asking for two balls will get you “more than one ball”. Not long after that they will learn what two means, being able to give you both one and two balls, but anything else is “more than two”. This also works with words that have no plurals (like sheep of fish) and will continue for a bit, until they reach four or five.

Something strange happens at four, wheels have been turning for a while, and things fall into place. They figure out the trick. Now that they know how much one, two, three, and four is, they realize that “four” refers to a whole group and that the next word “five” is a group with one more thing in it. These are also known as the cardinality and successor principles, and mark an important shift. Asking for eight balls will prompt them to count the balls to give you the correct number, they know that the words aren’t just words but have numerical meaning.

The need to learn numbers is quite high, numerical and mathematical concepts permeate the world and if you can’t understand them, things will be rather difficult. Yet here we are as adults, navigating a numerical world effortlessly, not realizing how extraordinary that actually is. Over the years those squiggly lines and number-words have been seared into our memory, creating such a strong connection that it’s nigh impossible to think about one without thinking about the other. No need to put any effort into it either, seeing or hearing a number automatically links to a quantity. For adults, numbers are so trained that the conscious mind is no longer necessary, the darn things go straight to the abstract quantity they represent.

With the incredible power of symbols we managed amazing feats, built civilizations, developed commerce, explored the depths of the ocean, and peered into the vastness of space. All because we managed to transfer magnitudes to abstract symbols we can write down and share with others. Symbolic representation is a simple concept that no animals besides us managed to do.

But a skyscraper can’t stand on sand, you need solid foundations. How well an infant learns symbols can have profound repercussions down the line. If the connection between quantity and symbol is strong, all that’s based on it will benefit. Fairly quick we see that math abilities in school are affected by how well children learn their numbers. How many people did you know in school, or perhaps colleagues at work, lifetime friends, who state that they are “bad at math”? It’s not dyscalculia, they’re just bad with numbers, can’t do simple arithmetic in their heads if their life depended on it. Their lives are just fine, it’s not much of a handicap, but by golly does it happen regularly that being good with numbers comes in handy in a world where everything is digital and excel-sheets rule supreme. Not to mention money, food, and time management, which all require very basic and informal math abilities that are as automated as the numbers themselves.

In reality nobody has to be “bad at math”. The genetic component is small; it’s a taught skill where most of us have equal opportunity. And this all starts with two-year olds insisting they can count to a million “Just listen! One! Two! Three!” That crucial step where the symbols start to make sense, something we take for granted, is a step we know so little about.

Each generation has to learn more and more, we ask a lot from our children. It wasn’t long ago that programming was reserved for the most advanced labs, and now kids casually program their own toys. It’s becoming increasingly necessary to have good numerical abilities, not just math, in order to participate in society. Finding out how children learn will help them along with improved methods and options for when it doesn’t go that well. It’s never too late to learn, but if we don’t know how we learn we’re just patching a skyscraper that’s sinking in the sand.

This question originally appeared on Quora – the place to gain and share knowledge, empowering people to learn from others and better understand the world. You can follow Quora on Twitter, Facebook, and Google+. More questions:

< div _ ngcontent-c15="" innerhtml=" (*** ) Exactly what are some reality examples of incredible abilities of brain? initially appeared on Quora (****** ): the location to acquire and share understanding, empowering individuals to gain from others and

much better comprehend the world

Response by Fabian van den Berg, Neuroscientist and Psychologist, on(******* )Quora(****** ): (************* )

The most incredible abilities of the brain are those we consider approved.

If I would specify that 1 +1 =-LRB- **********************************************), I would get some raised eyebrows; that does not appear right. Everybody understands that 1 +1 = 2, yet both formulas have the exact same significance, both are right. How? you need to question. I’ll offer a tip utilizing a various example, both 9:(*********************************************** )and 21: 00 can be checked out as “9”, yet the 2nd one is plainly twenty-one. Both examples can be discussed by the exact same thing.

The distinction in between the 2 formulas in the very first example is the analysis of the number signs, with the previous having a binary analysis and the latter our user-friendly base-10 analysis. The 2nd example would just make good sense to individuals utilized to a 24- hour time format, where we found out that 13: 00 through 0: 00 are comparable to one through twelve. All of it makes good sense once you understand the best ways to analyze the signs being utilized.

(********* )(************** )The majority of do not offer it a doubt, however these numbers do not truly exist. You never ever see a wild 3, you cannot purchase a bag of 7s, nor can you come across a pride of fives searching some 2s. Numbers are squiggly lines we provided significance, entirely abstract and devoid of any connection to the amounts they represent. The abstractness of numbers reveals when the significance modifications, like in binary notations or a 24- hours clock format, and we delicately change analysis like it’s absolutely nothing. The signs do not matter as much as how we analyze them, exactly what we were taught.

Prior to we can do any of this we have to discover those numbers, which becomes part of fundamental education for many kids. How hard can it be? All we ask to do is require an abnormal connection in between intangible amounts and synthetic squiggly lines. That procedure is precisely what my research study has to do with. Knowing signs, both letters and signs, is entirely synthetic. Advancement did not give us this capability, we made it ourselves. We pirated some brain locations and changed them to help with the human peculiarity of literacy. It might sound a bit lavish for such an ordinary activity, however you’re taking your brain for approved right there.

We understand remarkably little about how a baby brain handles this incredible accomplishment though, however there are a lot of outstanding concepts. Exactly what we do understand is that it does not take place all in one go, nor does it integrate over discovering words and magnitudes. A kid in between 2 and 3 years of age can count to 10, and they are more than pleased to show this capability over, and over, and over once again. In some cases they can even go greater than 10, till some point where they begin avoiding over a couple of and go from thirteen to eighteen and simply lose the rhythm and begin over.

In spite of their incredible capability to count to 10, a two-year-old has no hint what it suggests; ask for 8 balls and you’ll get a random number. Their capability to count can be compared with their capability to recite the alphabet, a memorable list of words. In the months to follow this will alter considerably, they begin to link amounts to words and signs. In the beginning asking for one ball gets you one ball, requesting for 2 balls will get you “more than one ball”. Not long after that they will discover exactly what 2 methods, having the ability to offer you both one and 2 balls, however anything else is “more than 2”. This likewise deals with words that have no plurals (like sheep of fish) and will continue for a bit, till they reach 4 or 5.

Something odd occurs at 4, wheels have actually been turning for a while, and things form. They find out the technique. Now that they understand what does it cost? one, 2, 3, and 4 is, they recognize that “4” describes an entire group which the next word “5” is a group with another thing in it. These are likewise called the cardinality and follower concepts, and mark a crucial shift. Requesting for 8 balls will trigger them to count the balls to offer you the right number, they understand that the words aren’t simply words however have mathematical significance.

The have to discover numbers is rather high, mathematical and mathematical principles penetrate the world and if you cannot comprehend them, things will be rather hard. Yet here we are as grownups, browsing a mathematical world easily, not understanding how amazing that really is. For many years those squiggly lines and number-words have actually been scorched into our memory, developing such a strong connection that it’s nigh difficult to consider one without thinking of the other. No have to put any effort into it either, seeing or hearing a number immediately connects to an amount. For grownups, numbers are so qualified that the mindful mind is not required, the darn things go directly to the abstract amount they represent.

With the unbelievable power of signs we handled incredible tasks, developed civilizations, established commerce, checked out the depths of the ocean, and peered into the vastness of area. All since we handled to move magnitudes to abstract signs we can jot down and show others. Symbolic representation is a basic idea that no animals besides us handled to do.

However a high-rise building cannot base on sand, you require strong structures. How well a baby finds out signs can have extensive effects down the line. If the connection in between amount and sign is strong, all that’s based upon it will benefit. Relatively fast we see that mathematics capabilities in school are impacted by how well kids discover their numbers. The number of individuals did you understand in school, or maybe associates at work, life time pals, who specify that they are “bad at mathematics”? It’s not dyscalculia, they’re simply bad with numbers, cannot do easy math in their heads if their life depended on it. Their lives are simply great, it’s very little of a handicap, however by golly does it take place frequently that readying with numbers can be found in helpful in a world where whatever is digital and excel-sheets guideline supreme. Not to point out loan, food, and time management, which all need really fundamental and casual mathematics capabilities that are as automated as the numbers themselves.

In truth no one needs to be” bad at mathematics” The hereditary element is little; it’s a taught ability where the majority of us have level playing field. And this starts with two-year olds insisting they can count to a million” Simply listen! One! 2! 3!” That vital action where the signs begin to make good sense, something we consider approved, is an action we understand so little about.

Each generation needs to discover more and more, we ask a lot from our kids. It wasn’t long ago that programs was booked for the most innovative laboratories, and now kids delicately configure their own toys. It’s ending up being significantly required to have great mathematical capabilities, not simply mathematics, in order to take part in society. Learning how kids discover will assist them in addition to enhanced techniques and choices for when it does not go that well. It’s never ever far too late to discover, however if we do not know how we discover we’re simply covering a high-rise building that’s sinking in the sand.

This concern initially appeared on Quora – the location to acquire and share understanding, empowering individuals to gain from others and much better comprehend the world. You can follow Quora on Twitter, Facebook, and Google+ More concerns:

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Exactly what are some reality examples of incredible abilities of brain? initially appeared on Quora : the location to acquire and share understanding, empowering individuals to gain from others and much better comprehend the world

.

Response by Fabian van den Berg , Neuroscientist and Psychologist, on Quora :

The most incredible abilities of the brain are those we consider approved.

If I would specify that 1 +1 =-LRB- **********************************************), I would get some raised eyebrows; that does not appear right. Everybody understands that 1 +1 = 2, yet both formulas have the exact same significance, both are right. How? you need to question. I’ll offer a tip utilizing a various example, both 9: 00 and 21: 00 can be checked out as “9”, yet the 2nd one is plainly twenty-one. Both examples can be discussed by the exact same thing.

The distinction in between the 2 formulas in the very first example is the analysis of the number signs, with the previous having a binary analysis and the latter our user-friendly base – 10 analysis. The 2nd example would just make good sense to individuals utilized to a 24 – hour time format, where we found out that 13: 00 through 0: 00 are comparable to one through twelve. All of it makes good sense once you understand the best ways to analyze the signs being utilized.

The majority of do not offer it a doubt, however these numbers do not truly exist. You never ever see a wild 3, you cannot purchase a bag of 7s, nor can you come across a pride of fives searching some 2s. Numbers are squiggly lines we provided significance, entirely abstract and devoid of any connection to the amounts they represent. The abstractness of numbers reveals when the significance modifications, like in binary notations or a 24 – hours clock format, and we delicately change analysis like it’s absolutely nothing. The signs do not matter as much as how we analyze them, exactly what we were taught.

Prior to we can do any of this we have to discover those numbers, which becomes part of fundamental education for many kids. How hard can it be? All we ask to do is require an abnormal connection in between intangible amounts and synthetic squiggly lines. That procedure is precisely what my research study has to do with. Knowing signs, both letters and signs, is entirely synthetic. Advancement did not give us this capability, we made it ourselves. We pirated some brain locations and changed them to help with the human peculiarity of literacy. It might sound a bit lavish for such an ordinary activity, however you’re taking your brain for approved right there.

We understand remarkably little about how a baby brain handles this incredible accomplishment though, however there are a lot of outstanding concepts. Exactly what we do understand is that it does not take place all in one go, nor does it integrate over discovering words and magnitudes. A kid in between 2 and 3 years of age can count to 10, and they are more than pleased to show this capability over, and over, and over once again. In some cases they can even go greater than 10, till some point where they begin avoiding over a couple of and go from thirteen to eighteen and simply lose the rhythm and begin over.

In spite of their incredible capability to count to 10, a two-year-old has no hint what it suggests; ask for 8 balls and you’ll get a random number. Their capability to count can be compared with their capability to recite the alphabet, a memorable list of words. In the months to follow this will alter considerably, they begin to link amounts to words and signs. In the beginning asking for one ball gets you one ball, requesting for 2 balls will get you “more than one ball”. Not long after that they will discover exactly what 2 methods, having the ability to offer you both one and 2 balls, however anything else is “more than 2”. This likewise deals with words that have no plurals (like sheep of fish) and will continue for a bit, till they reach 4 or 5.

Something odd occurs at 4, wheels have actually been turning for a while, and things form. They find out the technique. Now that they understand what does it cost? one, 2, 3, and 4 is, they recognize that “4” describes an entire group which the next word “5” is a group with another thing in it. These are likewise called the cardinality and follower concepts, and mark a crucial shift. Requesting for 8 balls will trigger them to count the balls to offer you the right number, they understand that the words aren’t simply words however have mathematical significance.

The have to discover numbers is rather high, mathematical and mathematical principles penetrate the world and if you cannot comprehend them, things will be rather hard. Yet here we are as grownups, browsing a mathematical world easily, not understanding how amazing that really is. For many years those squiggly lines and number-words have actually been scorched into our memory, developing such a strong connection that it’s nigh difficult to consider one without thinking of the other. No have to put any effort into it either, seeing or hearing a number immediately connects to an amount. For grownups, numbers are so qualified that the mindful mind is not required, the darn things go directly to the abstract amount they represent.

With the unbelievable power of signs we handled incredible tasks, developed civilizations, established commerce, checked out the depths of the ocean, and peered into the vastness of area. All since we handled to move magnitudes to abstract signs we can jot down and show others. Symbolic representation is a basic idea that no animals besides us handled to do.

However a high-rise building cannot base on sand, you require strong structures. How well a baby finds out signs can have extensive effects down the line. If the connection in between amount and sign is strong, all that’s based upon it will benefit. Relatively fast we see that mathematics capabilities in school are impacted by how well kids discover their numbers. The number of individuals did you understand in school, or maybe associates at work, life time pals, who specify that they are “bad at mathematics”? It’s not dyscalculia, they’re simply bad with numbers, cannot do easy math in their heads if their life depended on it. Their lives are simply great, it’s very little of a handicap, however by golly does it take place frequently that readying with numbers can be found in helpful in a world where whatever is digital and excel-sheets guideline supreme. Not to point out loan, food, and time management, which all need really fundamental and casual mathematics capabilities that are as automated as the numbers themselves.

In truth no one needs to be “bad at mathematics” The hereditary element is little; it’s a taught ability where the majority of us have level playing field. And this starts with two-year olds insisting they can count to a million “Simply listen! One! 2! 3!” That vital action where the signs begin to make good sense, something we consider approved, is an action we understand so little about.

Each generation needs to discover more and more, we ask a lot from our kids. It wasn’t long ago that programs was booked for the most innovative laboratories, and now kids delicately configure their own toys. It’s ending up being significantly required to have great mathematical capabilities, not simply mathematics, in order to take part in society. Learning how kids discover will assist them in addition to enhanced techniques and choices for when it does not go that well. It’s never ever far too late to discover, however if we do not know how we discover we’re simply covering a high-rise building that’s sinking in the sand.

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