Southern Peru

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Southern Peru.
(************ )Credit: Bikoulis et al, Antiquity (************* ).

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(*************** )A map revealing the Sihuas Valley in southern Peru. Here, modern-day towns (blue triangles) abut historical sites( red squares) going back to prior to the Spanish shown up in the New World. To map the subtle ancient paths and geoglyphs of this pre-Colonial world, scientists utilized fieldwork, satellites and aerial drone studies.

Cujan Alta

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Cujan Alta

Cujan Alta

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Credit: Bikoulis et al, Antiquity (************* ).

(************** ). (*************** )The website of Cujan Alta in southern Peru. This location bears the marks of human activity returning centuries, consisting of burial places, roadways, rock cairns and the remains of structures. Circled around in blue are 3 big circular geoglyphs, made by scraping the reddish rock and leading layer of soil from the ground to expose a lighter layer underneath.

Complex Geoglyphs” readability=”34″ >(**** )Complicated Geoglyphs
Complex Geoglyphs

Credit: Bikoulis et al, Antiquity (************* ).(********** ).

(*************** )Geoglyphs of different figures and patterns in southern Peru. The more complex glyphs portray a llama (A),” bat male”( B), hooks( C) and an angular style referred to as” Gross Munsa.” Together with these intricate geoglyphs are at least92 circular geoglyphs, varying in size from 9.8 feet to(******************************** )feet (3 to55 meters).

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Paths and glyphs

readability=”325″ >(**** )Courses and glyphs

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Credit: Bikoulis et al, Antiquity

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An overhead view of a circular geoglyph along with a secondary” feeder” road that links to a bigger main roadway. Pre-Columbian individuals in Peru utilized llamas to bring items fars away. Their caravans might have developed rash geoglyphs throughout rest stop as a method to make offerings to gods or spirits.

Mapping the connections

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Mapping the connections

Mapping the connections

Credit: Bikoulis et al, Antiquity

(*************** )A map of roadways and circular geoglyphs in the Sihuas Valley of Peru. Some geoglyphs were a single circle( purple), while others were double (green) or several concentric circles (blue). The geoglyphs were typically discovered at “inflection points,” such as best after the roadway crested a valley wall, the scientists reported.