#### Latitude( noun, “LӐ-tih-tood”)

This is how researchers, sailors and others determine how far north or south they are from the equator. Lines of latitude form a series of horizontal stripes around the world. The equator sits at 0 °. The degrees increase as you move north or south from that line. The North Pole sits at 90 ° N, and the South Pole at 90 ° S. Any point on the surface area of the Earth in between 0 and 90 ° N is a step of north latitude. If the point is in between 0 and 90 ° S, it’s a step of south latitude. One degree of latitude has to do with 111 kilometers (69 miles) in range.

#### In a sentence

Winds can drive drifting garbage from lower latitudes towards the Arctic

#### Longitude(noun, “LAWN-gih-tood”)

This is how researchers, geographers and sailors determine the east-west position of a place. Longitude is determined from the Prime Meridian. This is a fictional line that ranges from the North Pole to the South Pole through Greenwich, England. The Prime Meridian marks 0 °. Measurements to the east of the Prime Meridian (towards Russia) range from 0 ° to 180 ° E. Measurements to the west of the Prime Meridian (towards Canada) procedure from 0 ° to 180 ° W. (This is why we state that the United States resides in the “Western Hemisphere.”)

Latitude and longitude both begin with “L” and end with “- tude,” so they sound comparable. How can you keep in mind the distinction? Think about a ladder, raiding Earth, stabilized on the equator. The rungs crossing are latitude, due to the fact that lat remains flat! Those rungs connect the long( itude) pieces together.

#### In a sentence

One nautical mile is 1/60 th of a degree of longitude when determined at the equator

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