algae Single-celled organisms, as soon as thought about plants (they aren’t). As marine organisms, they grow in water. Like green plants, they depend upon sunshine to make their food.
carbon The chemical aspect having the atomic number 6. It is the physical basis of all life in the world. Carbon exists easily as graphite and diamond. It is a fundamental part of coal, limestone and petroleum, and can self-bonding, chemically, to form a huge variety of chemically, biologically and commercially crucial particles.
co2( or CO 2) A colorless, odor free gas produced by all animals when the oxygen they breathe in responds with the carbon-rich foods that they have actually consumed. Co2 likewise is launched when raw material burns (consisting of nonrenewable fuel sources like oil or gas). Co2 serves as a greenhouse gas, trapping heat in Earth’s environment. Plants transform co2 into oxygen throughout photosynthesis, the procedure they utilize to make their own food.
cell The tiniest structural and practical system of an organism. Generally too little to see with the unaided eye, it includes a watery fluid surrounded by a membrane or wall. Depending upon their size, animals are made from anywhere from thousands to trillions of cells. A lot of organisms, such as yeasts, molds, germs and some algae, are made up of just one cell.
coral Marine animals that frequently produce a difficult and stony exoskeleton and tend to reside on reefs (the exoskeletons of dead forefather corals).
worldwide warming The steady boost in the general temperature level of Earth’s environment due to the greenhouse impact. This impact is brought on by increased levels of co2, chlorofluorocarbons and other gases in the air, a number of them launched by human activity.
shade A color or shade of some color.
bacterium A living thing that is too little to see with the unaided eye, consisting of germs, some fungis and numerous other organisms such as amoebas. A lot of include a single cell.
nutrient A vitamin, mineral, fat, carb or protein that a plant, animal or other organism needs as part of its food in order to make it through.
reef A ridge of rock, coral or sand. It rises from the seafloor and might concern simply above or simply under the water’s surface area.
symbiosis( Adj. cooperative) A relationship in between 2 types that reside in close contact. A types that lives in this manner, providing considerable assistance to the other types, is often called a symbiont.
tissue Made from cells, it is any of the unique kinds of products that comprise animals, plants or fungis. Cells within a tissue work as a system to carry out a specific function in living organisms. Various organs of the body, for example, frequently are made from various kinds of tissues.