Dr. Randy Korotev holds up a vial containing a piece of lunar rock Monday, July 20, 2009, in St. Louis. Forty years after the Apollo 11 astronauts made their historic lunar landing, the rocks they collected are still helping researchers learn more about the moon, the solar system, even about how life on Earth began. (AP Photo/Jeff Roberson)ASSOCIATED PRESS

An unnamed buyer at a New York auction just paid $855,000 for a few small pieces of the Moon, auction house Sotheby’s reported on Nov. 29.

It was the second time the three lunar samples had gone to the auction block. The three small fragments are mostly basalt mixed with crystals of feldspar and dusty regolith, pitted with glass formed by the heat and impact of micrometeorites, then scooped up from the plains south of the Crisium basin by the Soviet Union’s robotic Luna-16 mission and returned to Earth in September1970 The 200mg of material fetched $442,500 from an anonymous buyer at Sotheby’s in1993 But although the Luna-16 samples have changed hands a few times, such an auction is a rare event, because they’re the only pieces of the Moon ever brought back to Earth and placed in private hands — legally, at least. The Soviet government presented them to Nina Ivanovna Koroleva, the widow of former Soviet space program director Sergei Pavlovich Korolev.

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But over the years, a few other lunar samples have found their way into the more illicit side of the private market. NASA presented about 270 samples from Apollo 11 and Apollo 17 to the governments of all 50 states and 130 nations. Technically, those gifts came with strings attached: no nation is allowed to give or sell its samples to a private individual. They have to either keep them or return them to the U.S. government.

But New Jersey’s samples have been missing since the 1970s, and the state has no record of even receiving them. Malta’s Goodwill Moon Rock was stolen in 2004, though the thief left behind the flag and plaque that could have helped prove the sample’s legitimacy to black-market buyers; authorities still haven’t tracked it down. Romania’s Goodwill Moon Rock may have been auctioned off by late dictator Nicolae Ceausescu or his family. Spain’s Apollo 11 sample was last known to be in the hands of relatives of late military dictator General Francisco Franco, but it can’t be accounted for and the family claims to have lost it. Ireland’s Apollo 11 accidentally ended up in a landfill after an October 1977 fire at the Dublin observatory where it was stored.

Samples presented to Brazil, Canada, Cyprus, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Sweden are also missing. Graduate criminal justice students at the University of Phoenix have been working to track down the samples as part of the Moon Rock Project led by professor and former NASA Office of the Inspector General Special Agent Joseph Gutheinz, who ran a 1998 sting operation called Operation Lunar Eclipse targeting sales of phony Moon rocks.

The missing moon rocks are just a fraction of the total 382 kg (842 pounds) of lunar rock, core samples, sand, dust, and pebbles brought home by the Apollo 11 through Apollo 17 missions. And the Soviet Luna-16, Luna-20, and Luna-24 missions brought back another 300g (0.75 pounds) from three sites on the lunar surface. And in general NASA and Roscosmos have kept careful track of their lunar samples. NASA keeps most of its supply of Moon rocks and soil at the Lunar Sample Building at Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas, although a few also reside at White Sands, New Mexico.

NASA doesn’t keep its Moon rocks hidden away in a closet, though. It lends about 400 samples every year to researchers and educators.

Delivery Matters

Of course, that only covers rocks and soil scooped, chiseled, or drilled directly from the lunar surface by astronauts or robots and carried back to Earth aboard a spacecraft. Lunar meteorites arrive here on Earth all the time, having been hurled into space by meteorites striking the Moon, and then caught by Earth’s gravity. We get chunks of Mars that way, too, and somewhere up there, ancient pieces of Earth may be lying around on Mars and the Moon.

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From a scientific perspective, lunar mission samples are more valuable than meteorites; matching the composition of a rock or soil sample with a specific location on the Moon can help geologists understand the Moon’s rocky structure and reconstruct the processes that formed it. The Luna-16 samples up for auction later this month, for instance, are the product of ancient lunar lava flows, and they’re about 3.4 billion years old. Knowing that and where they came from tells geologists something about what was going on there early in the Moon’s history.

They’re also more common — and legal — than lunar mission samples. You can pick up a lunar meteorite on a site like eBay if you’ve got a few hundred dollars to spare, although you’d be wise to have a geologist examine the meteorite and verify its origins, because few come with documentation, especially at the lower end of the price spectrum. One particularly impressive specimen, weighing in at 12 pounds, sold for $612,500 in October 2018, about a year after being picked up from the desert of Mauritania. That’s about $51,000 per pound, compared with the $213 million-per-pound price tag on the Luna-16 samples.

In other words, if you want to own a piece of the Moon, delivery costs a lot extra.

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(******** )Dr. Randy Korotev holds up a vial including a piece of lunar rock Monday, July20,(************************** ), in St. Louis. Forty years after the Apollo 11 astronauts made their historical lunar landing, the rocks they gathered are still assisting scientists discover more about the moon, the planetary system, even about how life in the world started. (AP Photo/Jeff Roberson) ASSOCIATED PRESS

An unnamed purchaser at a New york city auction simply paid $855,000 for a couple of little pieces of the Moon, auction home Sotheby’s reported on Nov. 29.

It was the 2nd time the 3 lunar samples had actually gone to the auction block. The 3 little pieces are mainly basalt blended with crystals of feldspar and dirty regolith, pitted with glass formed by the heat and effect of micrometeorites, then scooped up from the plains south of the Crisium basin by the Soviet Union’s robotic Luna-16 objective and went back to Earth in September1970 The 200 mg of product brought $442,500 from a confidential purchaser at Sotheby’s in1993 However although the Luna-16 samples have actually altered hands a couple of times, such an auction is an unusual occasion, since they’re the only pieces of the Moon ever reminded Earth and put in personal hands– lawfully, a minimum of. The Soviet federal government provided them to Nina Ivanovna Koroleva, the widow of previous Soviet area program director Sergei Pavlovich Korolev.

POST CONTINUES AFTER AD

However throughout the years, a couple of other lunar samples have actually discovered their method into the more illegal side of the personal market. NASA provided about 270 samples from Apollo 11 and Apollo 17 to the federal governments of all 50 states and 130 countries. Technically, those presents included strings connected: no country is enabled to provide or offer its samples to a personal person. They need to either keep them or return them to the U.S. federal government.

However New Jersey’s samples have actually been missing out on given that the 1970 s, and the state has no record of even getting them. Malta’s Goodwill Moon Rock was taken in 2004, though the burglar left the flag and plaque that might have assisted show the sample’s authenticity to black-market purchasers; authorities still have not tracked it down. Romania’s Goodwill Moon Rock might have been auctioned off by late totalitarian Nicolae Ceausescu or his household. Spain’s Apollo 11 sample was last understood to be in the hands of family members of late military totalitarian General Francisco Franco, however it can’t be represented and the household declares to have actually lost it. Ireland’s Apollo 11 unintentionally wound up in a garbage dump after an October 1977 fire at the Dublin observatory where it was saved.

Samples provided to Brazil, Canada, Cyprus, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Sweden are likewise missing out on. Graduate criminal justice trainees at the University of Phoenix have actually been working to find the samples as part of the Moon Rock Task led by teacher and previous NASA Workplace of the Inspector General Unique Representative Joseph Gutheinz, who ran a 1998 sting operation called Operation Lunar Eclipse targeting sales of fake Moon rocks.

The missing out on moon rocks are simply a portion of the overall 382 kg (842 pounds) of lunar rock, core samples, sand, dust, and pebbles brought house by the Apollo 11 through Apollo 17 objectives. And the Soviet Luna-16, Luna-20, and Luna-24 objectives restored another 300 g (0.75 pounds) from 3 websites on the lunar surface area. And in basic NASA and Roscosmos have actually kept mindful track of their lunar samples. NASA keeps the majority of its supply of Moon rocks and soil at the Lunar Sample Structure at Johnson Area Center in Houston, Texas, although a couple of likewise live at White Sands, New Mexico.

(************ )NASA does not keep its Moon rocks concealed away in a closet, however. It provides about 400 samples every year to scientists and teachers.

Shipment Matters

Naturally, that just covers rocks and soil scooped, sculpted, or drilled straight from the lunar surface area by astronauts or robotics and returned to Earth aboard a spacecraft. Lunar meteorites show up here in the world all the time, having actually been tossed into area by meteorites striking the Moon, and after that captured by Earth’s gravity. We get portions of Mars that method, too, and someplace up there, ancient pieces of Earth might be lying around on Mars and the Moon.

POST CONTINUES AFTER AD

From a clinical viewpoint, lunar objective samples are better than meteorites; matching the structure of a rock or soil sample with a particular place on the Moon can assist geologists comprehend the Moon’s rocky structure and rebuild the procedures that formed it. The Luna-16 samples up for auction later on this month, for example, are the item of ancient lunar lava streams, and they have to do with 3.4 billion years of ages. Understanding that and where they originated from informs geologists something about what was going on there early in the Moon’s history.

They’re likewise more typical– and legal– than lunar objective samples. You can get a lunar meteorite on a website like eBay if you have actually got a couple of hundred dollars to extra, although you ‘d be a good idea to have a geologist analyze the meteorite and confirm its origins, since couple of featured documents, particularly at the lower end of the cost spectrum. One especially outstanding specimen, weighing in at 12 pounds, cost $612,500 in October 2018, about a year after being gotten from the desert of Mauritania. That has to do with $51,000 per pound, compared to the $213 million-per-pound cost on the Luna-16 samples.

To put it simply, if you wish to own a piece of the Moon, shipment costs a lot additional.

” readability =”110″ >

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Dr. Randy Korotev holds up a vial including a piece of lunar rock Monday, July 20, 2009, in St. Louis. Forty years after the Apollo 11 astronauts made their historical lunar landing, the rocks they gathered are still assisting scientists discover more about the moon, the planetary system, even about how life in the world started. (AP Photo/Jeff Roberson) ASSOCIATED PRESS

.

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An unnamed purchaser at a New york city auction simply paid $ 855, 000 for a couple of little pieces of the Moon, auction home Sotheby’s reported on Nov.29

.

It was the 2nd time the 3 lunar samples had actually gone to the auction block. The 3 little pieces are mainly basalt blended with crystals of feldspar and dirty regolith, pitted with glass formed by the heat and effect of micrometeorites, then scooped up from the plains south of the Crisium basin by the Soviet Union’s robotic Luna – 16 objective and went back to Earth in September1970 The 200 mg of product brought $ 442, 500 from a confidential purchaser at Sotheby’s in1993 However although the Luna – 16 samples have actually altered hands a couple of times, such an auction is an unusual occasion, since they’re the only pieces of the Moon ever reminded Earth and put in personal hands– lawfully, a minimum of. The Soviet federal government provided them to Nina Ivanovna Koroleva, the widow of previous Soviet area program director Sergei Pavlovich Korolev.

. POST CONTINUES AFTER AD

.

However throughout the years, a couple of other lunar samples have actually discovered their method into the more illegal side of the personal market. NASA provided about 270 samples from Apollo 11 and Apollo 17 to the federal governments of all 50 states and 130 countries. Technically, those presents included strings connected: no country is enabled to provide or offer its samples to a personal person. They need to either keep them or return them to the U.S. federal government.

However New Jersey’s samples have actually been missing out on given that the 1970 s, and the state has no record of even getting them. Malta’s Goodwill Moon Rock was taken in 2004, though the burglar left the flag and plaque that might have assisted show the sample’s authenticity to black-market purchasers; authorities still have not tracked it down. Romania’s Goodwill Moon Rock might have been auctioned off by late totalitarian Nicolae Ceausescu or his household. Spain’s Apollo 11 sample was last understood to be in the hands of family members of late military totalitarian General Francisco Franco, however it can’t be represented and the household declares to have actually lost it. Ireland’s Apollo 11 unintentionally wound up in a garbage dump after an October 1977 fire at the Dublin observatory where it was saved.

Samples provided to Brazil, Canada, Cyprus, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Sweden are likewise missing out on. Graduate criminal justice trainees at the University of Phoenix have actually been working to find the samples as part of the Moon Rock Task led by teacher and previous NASA Workplace of the Inspector General Unique Representative Joseph Gutheinz, who ran a 1998 sting operation called Operation Lunar Eclipse targeting sales of fake Moon rocks.

The missing out on moon rocks are simply a portion of the overall 382 kg (842 pounds) of lunar rock, core samples, sand, dust, and pebbles brought house by the Apollo 11 through Apollo 17 objectives. And the Soviet Luna – 16, Luna – 20, and Luna – 24 objectives restored another 300 g (0. 75 pounds) from 3 websites on the lunar surface area. And in basic NASA and Roscosmos have actually kept mindful track of their lunar samples. NASA keeps the majority of its supply of Moon rocks and soil at the Lunar Sample Structure at Johnson Area Center in Houston, Texas, although a couple of likewise live at White Sands, New Mexico.

NASA does not keep its Moon rocks concealed away in a closet, however. It provides about 400 samples every year to scientists and teachers.

Shipment Matters

Naturally, that just covers rocks and soil scooped, sculpted, or drilled straight from the lunar surface area by astronauts or robotics and returned to Earth aboard a spacecraft. Lunar meteorites show up here in the world all the time, having actually been tossed into area by meteorites striking the Moon, and after that captured by Earth’s gravity. We get portions of Mars that method, too, and someplace up there, ancient pieces of Earth might be lying around on Mars and the Moon.

. POST CONTINUES AFTER AD

.

From a clinical viewpoint, lunar objective samples are better than meteorites; matching the structure of a rock or soil sample with a particular place on the Moon can assist geologists comprehend the Moon’s rocky structure and rebuild the procedures that formed it. The Luna – 16 samples up for auction later on this month, for example, are the item of ancient lunar lava streams, and they have to do with 3.4 billion years of ages. Understanding that and where they originated from informs geologists something about what was going on there early in the Moon’s history.

They’re likewise more typical– and legal– than lunar objective samples. You can get a lunar meteorite on a website like eBay if you have actually got a couple of hundred dollars to extra, although you ‘d be a good idea to have a geologist analyze the meteorite and confirm its origins, since couple of featured documents, particularly at the lower end of the cost spectrum. One especially outstanding specimen, weighing in at 12 pounds, cost $ 612, 500 in October 2018, about a year after being gotten from the desert of Mauritania. That has to do with $ 51, 000 per pound, compared to the $ 213 million-per-pound cost on the Luna – 16 samples.

To put it simply, if you wish to own a piece of the Moon, shipment costs a lot additional.

.