In this artistic rendering of the laser compression experiment, high power lasers focused on the surface of a diamond generate a sequence of shock waves that propagate throughout the sample assembly (from left to right), simultaneously compressing and heating the initially liquid water sample and forcing it to freeze into the superionic water ice phase.

Marius Millot/Federica Coppari/Sebastien Hamel/Liam Krauss

It’s weird, it’s insanely hot and it may be what water ice looks like throughout much of the universe.  Researchers from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) zapped water with powerful lasers and managed to “flash-freeze” it into an exotic superionic state.

For decades, scientists have suspected that if water were subjected to extreme pressures and temperatures it might enter a bizarre phase in which it is neither gas nor liquid, but rather a lattice of solidified oxygen atoms that basically trap the free-flowing, liquid-like hydrogen atoms inside the new form.

Preliminary experiments last year demonstrated evidence for the first time that superionic ice is a real thing and now a team has managed to briefly create and observe a batch. The results were reported Wednesday in the journal Nature.

“We designed the experiments to compress the water so that it would freeze into solid ice, but it was not certain that the ice crystals would actually form and grow in the few billionths of a second that we can hold the pressure-temperature conditions,” said LLNL physicist and co-lead author Marius Millot.

To achieve this exotic flash freezing, the water was heated to thousands of degrees, approaching the temperature of the surface of the sun, while also increasing its pressure by millions of atmospheres. The resulting substance is also black and more dense than the ice cubes in your drink.

“Water is known to have many different crystalline structures known as ice Ih (regular water ice), II, III, up to XVII,” Federica Coppari, co-lead from LLNL explained. “So, we propose to call the new… solid form ‘ice XVIII.'”

While it’s not likely we’ll be using this heavy, hot ice here on Earth for much anytime soon, the research provides insight into what might be going on at other worlds.

“Because water ice at Uranus’ and Neptune’s interior conditions has a crystalline lattice, we argue that superionic ice should not flow like a liquid such as the fluid iron outer core of the Earth,” Millot said. “This can dramatically affect our understanding of the internal structure and the evolution of the icy giant planets, as well as all their numerous extrasolar cousins.”

In other words, superionic ice could actually be very common on the many ice giant planets throughout the universe.

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(****** )(******* )(******** )In this creative making of the laser compression experiment, high power lasers concentrated on the surface area of a diamond create a series of shock waves that propagate throughout the sample assembly (from delegated right), concurrently compressing and warming the at first liquid water sample and requiring it to freeze into the superionic water ice stage.

Marius Millot/Federica Coppari/Sebastien Hamel/Liam Krauss

It’s unusual, it’s remarkably hot and it might be what water ice appears like throughout much of deep space. Scientists from Lawrence Livermore National Lab (LLNL) zapped water with effective lasers and handled to “flash-freeze” it into an unique superionic state.

For years, researchers have actually thought that if water underwent severe pressures and temperature levels it may get in an unusual stage in which it is neither gas nor liquid, however rather a lattice of strengthened oxygen atoms that essentially trap the free-flowing, liquid-like hydrogen atoms inside the brand-new kind.

Initial experiments in 2015 showed proof for the very first time that superionic ice is a genuine thing and now a group has actually handled to briefly produce and observe a batch. The outcomes were reported Wednesday in the journal Nature.

” We created the experiments to compress the water so that it would freeze into strong ice, however it was not specific that the ice crystals would really form and grow in the couple of billionths of a 2nd that we can hold the pressure-temperature conditions,” stated LLNL physicist and co-lead author Marius Millot.

To attain this unique flash freezing, the water was warmed to countless degrees, approaching the temperature level of the surface area of the sun, while likewise increasing its pressure by countless environments. The resulting compound is likewise black and more thick than the ice in your beverage.

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“Water is understood to have various crystalline structures referred to as ice Ih (routine water ice), II, III, as much as XVII,” Federica Coppari, co-lead from LLNL described. “So, we propose to call the brand-new … strong kind ‘ice XVIII.'”

While it’s not most likely we’ll be utilizing this heavy, hot ice here in the world for much anytime quickly, the research study supplies insight into what may be going on at other worlds.

” Due to the fact that water ice at Uranus’ and Neptune’s interior conditions has a crystalline lattice, we argue that superionic ice ought to not stream like a liquid such as the fluid iron external core of the Earth,” Millot stated. “This can significantly impact our understanding of the internal structure and the development of the icy huge worlds, in addition to all their various extrasolar cousins.”

Simply put, superionic ice might really be really typical on the numerous ice giant worlds throughout deep space.

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065502183406″ >

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In this creative making of the laser compression experiment, high power lasers concentrated on the surface area of a diamond create a series of shock waves that propagate throughout the sample assembly (from delegated right), concurrently compressing and warming the at first liquid water sample and requiring it to freeze into the superionic water ice stage.

Marius Millot/Federica Coppari/Sebastien Hamel/Liam Krauss

.

.

It’s unusual, it’s remarkably hot and it might be what water ice appears like throughout much of deep space. Scientists from Lawrence Livermore National Lab (LLNL) zapped water with effective lasers and handled to “flash-freeze” it into an unique superionic state.

For years, researchers have actually thought that if water underwent severe pressures and temperature levels it may get in an unusual stage in which it is neither gas nor liquid, however rather a lattice of strengthened oxygen atoms that essentially trap the free-flowing, liquid-like hydrogen atoms inside the brand-new kind.

Initial experiments in 2015 showed proof for the very first time that superionic ice is a genuine thing and now a group has actually handled to briefly produce and observe a batch. The outcomes were reported Wednesday in the journal Nature.

“We created the experiments to compress the water so that it would freeze into strong ice, however it was not specific that the ice crystals would really form and grow in the couple of billionths of a 2nd that we can hold the pressure-temperature conditions,” stated LLNL physicist and co-lead author Marius Millot.

To attain this unique flash freezing, the water was warmed to countless degrees, approaching the temperature level of the surface area of the sun, while likewise increasing its pressure by countless environments. The resulting compound is likewise black and more thick than the ice in your beverage.

“Water is understood to have various crystalline structures referred to as ice Ih (routine water ice), II, III, as much as XVII,” Federica Coppari, co-lead from LLNL described. “So, we propose to call the brand-new … strong kind ‘ice XVIII.'”

While it’s not most likely we’ll be utilizing this heavy, hot ice here in the world for much anytime quickly, the research study supplies insight into what may be going on at other worlds.

“Due to the fact that water ice at Uranus’ and Neptune’s interior conditions has a crystalline lattice, we argue that superionic ice ought to not stream like a liquid such as the fluid iron external core of the Earth,” Millot stated. “This can significantly impact our understanding of the internal structure and the development of the icy huge worlds, in addition to all their various extrasolar cousins.”

Simply put, superionic ice might really be really typical on the numerous ice giant worlds throughout deep space.

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