An intense reaction occurs after water is injected into molten rock.Douglas Levere / University at Buffalo

When lava contacts water, the results can be explosive and dangerous. So researchers at State University of New York at Buffalo (UB) are conducting experiments with their own lava to get a better grasp on the poorly understood interaction between molten rock and liquid.

The need to better understand lava and water’s turbulent relationship became all the more urgent this past year when so-called “lava bombs” triggered by the flow from Hawaii’s Kilauea volcano entering the Pacific Ocean struck a tour boat, injuring nearly two dozen people.

More recent lava-water explosions near the infamous Krakatoa volcano in Indonesia also gave sightseers quite a scare.

“If you think about a volcanic eruption, there are powerful forces at work, and it’s not a gentle thing,” said Ingo Sonder, a research scientist at UB and lead author of a new study published today in the Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth. “Our experiments are looking at the basic physics of what happens when water gets trapped inside molten rock.”

Sonder and his team heated 10-gallon batches of molten rock to over 2,000 degrees Fahrenheit and then added water to record the dramatic results.

While more experiments need to be done to draw firm conclusions, the preliminary tests seem to show that bigger, more brilliant bursts occurred when water rushed into the container of lava more quickly and when the molten rock was held in taller containers.

Here’s a close-up view of what happened when the researchers injected water into a pot of molten lava rock:

In the video you can see a sledgehammer is set up to whack the container of lava shortly after the water is injected. This is because earlier experiments with smaller amounts of lava required some sort of impact to initiate the explosive reaction. But in the footage it’s clear that this nudge is not needed as the lava bombs start bursting before the sledge strikes the container.

The researchers say the next step will be to try a similar experiment using a higher water content, but the takeaway from these early trials seems to be that it doesn’t take much magma (a depth of about one foot) to create a scene when it mixes with even a small amount of water.

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An extreme response takes place after water is injected into molten rock. Douglas Levere/ University at Buffalo

When lava contacts water, the outcomes can be explosive and unsafe. So scientists at State University of New York City at Buffalo (UB) are carrying out explores their own lava to get a much better grasp on the improperly comprehended interaction in between molten rock and liquid.

The requirement to much better comprehend lava and water’s rough relationship ended up being even more immediate this previous year when so-called “ lava bombs” set off by the circulation from Hawaii’s Kilauea volcano going into the Pacific Ocean struck a trip boat, hurting almost 2 lots individuals.

More current lava-water surges near the notorious Krakatoa volcano in Indonesia likewise provided tourists rather a scare

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” If you consider a volcanic eruption, there are effective forces at work, and it’s not a mild thing,” stated Ingo Sonder, a research study researcher at UB and lead author of a brand-new research study released today in the Journal of Geophysical Research Study: Strong Earth. ” Our experiments are taking a look at the standard physics of what takes place when water gets caught inside molten rock.”

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Sonder and his group warmed10- gallon batches of molten rock to over 2,000 degrees Fahrenheit and after that included water to tape-record the significant outcomes.

While more experiments require to be done to draw firm conclusions, the initial tests appear to reveal that larger, more fantastic bursts happened when water hurried into the container of lava faster and when the molten rock was kept in taller containers.

Here’s a close-up view of what occurred when the scientists injected water into a pot of molten lava rock:

In the video you can see a sledgehammer is established to whack the container of lava soon after the water is injected. This is because earlier explores smaller sized quantities of lava needed some sort of effect to start the explosive response. However in the video footage it’s clear that this push is not required as the lava bombs begin breaking prior to the sledge strikes the container.

The scientists state the next

action will be to attempt a comparable experiment utilizing a greater water material, however the takeaway from these early trials appears to be that it does not take much lava( a depth of about one foot) to develop a scene when it blends with even a percentage of water.

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An extreme response takes place after water is injected into molten rock. Douglas Levere/ University at Buffalo

When lava contacts water, the outcomes can be explosive and unsafe. So scientists at State University of New York City at Buffalo (UB) are carrying out explores their own lava to get a much better grasp on the improperly comprehended interaction in between molten rock and liquid.

The requirement to much better comprehend lava and water’s rough relationship ended up being even more immediate this previous year when so-called” lava bombs” set off by the circulation from Hawaii’s Kilauea volcano going into the Pacific Ocean struck a trip boat, hurting almost 2 lots individuals.

More current lava-water surges near the notorious Krakatoa volcano in Indonesia likewise provided tourists rather a scare

.

“If you consider a volcanic eruption, there are effective forces at work, and it’s not a mild thing,” stated Ingo Sonder, a research study researcher at UB and lead author of a brand-new research study released today in the Journal of Geophysical Research Study: Strong Earth. “Our experiments are taking a look at the standard physics of what takes place when water gets caught inside molten rock.”

Sonder and his group warmed 10 – gallon batches of molten rock to over 2, 000 degrees Fahrenheit and after that included water to tape-record the significant outcomes.

While more experiments require to be done to draw firm conclusions, the initial tests appear to reveal that larger, more fantastic bursts happened when water hurried into the container of lava faster and when the molten rock was kept in taller containers.

Here’s a close-up view of what occurred when the scientists injected water into a pot of molten lava rock:

In the video you can see a sledgehammer is established to whack the container of lava soon after the water is injected. This is because earlier explores smaller sized quantities of lava needed some sort of effect to start the explosive response. However in the video footage it’s clear that this push is not required as the lava bombs begin breaking prior to the sledge strikes the container.

The scientists state the next action will be to attempt a comparable experiment utilizing a greater water material, however the takeaway from these early trials appears to be that it does not take much lava (a depth of about one foot) to develop a scene when it blends with even a percentage of water.