average( in science) A term for the expected value, which is the amount of a group of numbers that is then divided by the size of the group.
biology The research study of living things. The researchers who study them are called biologists.
blood glucose The body flows glucose, a kind of easy sugar, in blood to tissues of the body where it will be utilized as a fuel. The body extracts this easy sugar from breakdown of sugars and starches. Nevertheless, some illness, most significantly diabetes, can permit an unhealthy concentration of this sugar to develop in blood.
calorie The quantity of energy required to raise the temperature level of 1 gram of water by 1 degree Celsius. It is generally utilized as a measurement of the energy consisted of in some specified quantity of food. The exception: when describing the energy in food, the convention is to call a kilocalorie, or 1,000 of these calories, a “calorie.” Here, a food calorie is the quantity of energy required to raise 1 kg of water 1 degree C.
cell The tiniest structural and practical system of an organism. Generally too little to see with the unaided eye, it includes a watery fluid surrounded by a membrane or wall. Depending upon their size, animals are made from anywhere from thousands to trillions of cells. Many organisms, such as yeasts, molds, germs and some algae, are made up of just one cell.
Centers for Illness Control and Avoidance, or CDC A company of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Being Solutions, CDC is charged with securing public health and security by working to manage and avoid illness, injury and impairments. It does this by examining illness break outs, tracking direct exposures by Americans to infections and harmful chemicals, and frequently surveying diet plan and other routines amongst a representative cross-section of all Americans.
associate Somebody who deals with another; a colleague or staff member.
diabetes An illness where the body either makes insufficient of the hormonal agent insulin (called type 1 illness) or overlooks the existence of excessive insulin when it exists (called type 2 diabetes).
diet plan The foods and liquids consumed by an animal to offer the nutrition it requires to grow and keep health. (verb) To embrace a particular food-intake prepare for the function of managing body weight.
endocrinologist A physician who concentrates on conditions impacting the production of hormonal agents or the body’s action to hormonal agents.
hormonal agent( in zoology and medication) A chemical produced in a gland and after that brought in the blood stream to another part of the body. Hormonal agents manage numerous crucial body activities, such as development. Hormonal agents act by activating or controling chain reactions in the body. (in botany) A chemical that functions as a signaling substance that informs cells of a plant when and how to establish, or when to age and pass away.
insulin A hormonal agent produced in the pancreas (an organ that belongs to the digestion system) that assists the body usage glucose as fuel.
leptin A kind of hormonal agent made by fat cells that hinders appetite.
liver An organ of the body of animals with foundations that carries out a variety of crucial functions. It can save fat and sugar as energy, break down hazardous compounds for excretion by the body, and produce bile, a greenish fluid launched into the gut, where it assists absorb fats and reduce the effects of acids.
metabolic process( adj. metabolic) The set of life-sustaining chain reaction that happen inside cells and larger structures, such as organs. These responses make it possible for organisms to grow, recreate, move and otherwise react to their environments.
muscle A kind of tissue utilized to produce motion by contracting its cells, called muscle fibers. Muscle is abundant in protein, which is why predatory types look for victim consisting of great deals of this tissue.
neuroscientist Somebody who studies the structure or function of the brain and other parts of the nerve system.
weight problems( adj. overweight) Severe obese. Weight problems is related to a wide variety of health issue, consisting of type 2 diabetes and hypertension.
physiologist A researcher who studies the branch of biology that handles how the bodies of healthy organisms operate under typical scenarios.
threat The opportunity or mathematical probability that some bad thing may occur. For example, direct exposure to radiation positions a threat of cancer. Or the threat– or hazard– itself. (For example: Amongst cancer dangers that individuals dealt with were radiation and drinking water polluted with arsenic)
shuteye Slang for sleep
tissue Made from cells, it is any of the unique kinds of products that comprise animals, plants or fungis. Cells within a tissue work as a system to carry out a specific function in living organisms. Various organs of the body, for example, typically are made from various kinds of tissues.
type 2 diabetes( see likewise diabetes) An illness brought on by the body’s failure to efficiently utilize insulin, a hormonal agent that assists the body procedure and utilize sugars. Unless diabetes is managed, an individual deals with the threat of cardiovascular disease, coma or death.